Chapter 1, Part 4 Preview: The Bible is filled with prophecies that involve the punishment of all twelve tribes of Israel for abandoning Yehovah. In a great many of them Yehovah pleads for them to return to Him. Yehovah had been a Husband to the nation of Israel. The Day of Atonements (yes, it’s plural) is the day when the backsliding stops forever! Yehovah will make a New (marriage) Covenant with Israel (no it’s not with “the church”). This is the exact day where the happily ever after part begins! It is also described as the rebirth of the twelve tribes of Israel.
Matthew 19:28 Yeshua told them, “I assure you that when the Human Son sits on His magnificent throne on the Renewed Earth, those of you who have followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, presiding over the twelve tribes of Israel —The Gabriel Bible
Great events happen on Biblical Feast and Festival Days (mo’ed & chag). In the Levitical account of the Azazel goat, it was led out into the wilderness on this particular day. There is evidence connecting the first day of Yeshua’s ministry to the Day of Atonements! First, as we see in John 1:29 that Yeshua was to be the Passover “Lamb of Aloha” (God), symbolically making Him either a sheep or a goat (Exodus 12:5). His being a goat fulfills the symbolism of both the Day of Atonements and Passover—the first and last days of His minisry. Second, In connection with His being led into the wilderness immediately after being designated as the Lamb and being immersed, He returned from the wilderness on the Day of Atonements—fulfilling a great fear explained in the Talmud. So thirdly, in sarcastic hatred, His fellow Jews tried to throw Him over a cliff immediately after He announced the Jubilee, which is a practice the Jews chose to do each year with the Azazal goat on the Day of Atonements!
The first goat of Leviticus 16 represents Yeshua’s blood being shed as His life is given as a sin offering. That the goat “for Yehovah (the Lord)” was Yeshua became apparent when John the Immerser declared that Yeshua was “the lamb of Aloha” [God] (John 1:29 and 36).
It is the second goat, or the “live goat”, that people do not seem to pick up on. Had Yeshua remained dead we would have no eternity! While the slain goat truly represents Yeshua Messiah as “a sin offering”, it should be just as apparent that the second goat represents the same Life Giver—only this time as the living Life Giver of the world. This should easily be perceived to be a representation of the Messiah’s death on the cross “that is for the people” (v.15), for the sins of all of humanity ultimately. Notice that before the Azazel goat was sent “away into the wilderness” bearing “all the sins of the children of Israel”, it had to have all the sins of Israel symbolically put on its head by Aaron, the high priest. In later years, his descendants carried out this annual depiction. Here is how this story was anticipated on the Day of Atonements for centuries.
Leviticus 16:9 Aaron will present the goat that the lot fell on to Yehovah, and offer him for a sin offering.
Leviticus 16:20-21 When he’s finished atoning for the Kadosh Place and the Congregational Tent, and the altar, he’ll offer the live goat. 21 Aaron will lay both of his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the sins of the descendant’s of Israel, and all their rebellious behavior—everything they did wrong; and he’ll put them on the head of the goat, and lead him away into the wilderness, handled by a man who’s waiting. 22 The goat will carry all their sins on himself to a remote place, and he’ll release the goat into the wilderness.
When it was time for this symbolism to actually be fulfilled, a Levitical descendant of Aaron was required to lay hands on the ultimate “Lamb of Aloha”. John the Immerser was used as a priest to fulfill the prophetic meaning of this symbolism. Both of John’s parents were descendants of Aaron:
Luke 1:5 In the time of Herod the king of Judea there was a priest named Zacharias, of the priestly order of the house of Abijah, and his wife was descended from the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth.
The Pharisees, claiming to be priests at the time, were not even Levites. They took the role from the Sadducees, among whom were true Levites, as was John, tho he is not known to have belonged to a sect. So John was the high priest of Yehovah’s actual choosing.
Yeshua’s own Father was the One who sent His Son into the wilderness. He was separated from His Father at birth, to live for 33 years in a spiritual wilderness:
Philippians 2:6-8 Altho He was in the form of YHVH, He didn’t consider His equality with YHVH to be a prize to grasp tightly onto.
7 So He divested Himself, and took on the form of a
The goat that became a ze’bak (sacrifice) as well as the Azazel goat together are a part of one sin offering, not two separate offerings (Leviticus 16:5). The goat that was released into the wilderness represents the one who lived long enough to remove our sins.
The ironic element of the Azazel goat account is Yeshua, the Lamb of Aloha, not being banished into the wilderness on the Day of Atonements, but returning to the people on that very day, in accordance with a long standing fear, as we are about to see!
Here are the pertinent references:
Yeshua accepted the role of the Azazel goat and ultimately carried the sins of Israel (both physical and spiritual) into a wilderness, symbolic of the sins of the world being removed!
John 1:29 The next day John saw Yeshua coming towards him and said, “Look, the Lamb of Aloha who takes away the sins of the world!
Matthew 3:13-16 Then Yeshua came from Galilee, to the Jordan, in order to be immersed by John. 14 But John, trying to deter Him said, “I need to be immersed by You, so why have You come to me?” 15 Then Yeshua told him, “Consent to this now because it is necessary to fulfill every righteous condition”. So He consented. 16 After Yeshua was immersed, He immediately came up from the water. The heavens were opened to Him and He saw YHVH’s [Yehovah’s] spirit descending like a dove, and it landed on Him.
Matthew and Luke (4:1) both mention that Yeshua was “led” into the wilderness.“to lead by laying hold of, and this way to bring to the point of destination: of an animal”
This is where it really gets interesting. The commandment was to release the live goat into the wilderness—not kill it, but because the Azazal goat would occasionally return from the wilderness (like Yeshua did), a custom arose of throwing the Azazal goat over a cliff. From the Jewish Encyclopedia:
...“A man was selected, preferably a priest, to take the goat to the precipice in the wilderness; and he was accompanied part of the way by the most eminent men of Jerusalem. Ten booths had been constructed at intervals along the road leading from Jerusalem to the steep mountain. At each one of these the man leading the goat was formally offered food and drink, which he, however, refused. When he reached the tenth booth those who accompanied him proceeded no further, but watched the ceremony from a distance. When he came to the precipice he divided the scarlet thread into two parts, one of which he tied to the rock and the other to the goat's horns, and then pushed the goat down (Yoma vi. 1-8). The cliff was so high and rugged that before the goat had traversed half the distance to the plain below, its limbs were utterly shattered. Men were stationed at intervals along the way, and as soon as the goat was thrown down the precipice, they signaled to one another by means of kerchiefs or flags, until the information reached the high priest, whereat he proceeded with the other parts of the ritual.
“The scarlet thread was a symbolical reference to Isa. i. 18; and the Talmud tells us (ib. 39a) that during the forty years that Simon the Just was high priest, the thread actually turned white as soon as the goat was thrown over the precipice: a sign that the sins of the people were forgiven. In later times the change to white was not invariable: a proof of the people's moral and spiritual deterioration, that was gradually on the increase, until forty years before the destruction of the Second Temple, when the change of color was no longer observed (l.c. 39b).”
So the Jews developed a custom of shreading the Azazel goat to a blody mess and then throwing him over a cliff. Does this sound familiar? As soon as Yeshua proclaimed the Jubilee, or “the acceptible year of Yehovah”, what happened:
Luke 4: 28-30 Everyone in the synagogue was filled with rage when they heard this. 29 They got up and rushed Him out of town, then brought Him to the top of the hill that the city was built on, intending to throw Him over a cliff. 30 But He walked right thru ‘the mob’ and went His way.
There are a lot of ways to murder someone, but how often do people rush someone out of town to throw them over a cliff to do it?
So Yeshua was sent into the wilderness 40 days prior to the Day of Atonements, but he returned to town on the Day of Atonements, as ill fated Azazal goats sometimes did. But why 40 days? I believe the same Talmud quotation cited above, about the 40 years explains that. Once they actually managed to beat Him to a bloody pulp, an ominous sign occurred for the next 40 years.
...So would the crowd, called Babylonians or Alexandrians, pull the goat's hair [it’s beard being most readily available] to make it hasten forth, carrying the burden of sins [of the people] away with it (Yoma vi. 4, 66b; "Epistle of Barnabas," vii.), and the arrival of the shattered animal at the bottom of the valley of the rock of Bet Hadudo, twelve miles away from the city, was signalized by the waving of shawls to the people of Jerusalem, who celebrated the event with boisterous hilarity and amid dancing on the hills (Yoma vi. 6, 8; Ta'an. iv. 8). —Jewish EncyclopediaIsaiah 50:6 I offered My back to those who scourged Me, and My cheeks to those who pulled out My beard. I didn’t hide My face from insults and spitting. John 11:49-51 But one of them, named Caiaphas, the high priest that year, told them, “You don’t know anything. 50 You don’t realize that it’s better for us, for one Man to die for the people than to have the whole nation destroyed.” 51 However He didn’t say this on his own initiative, but as high priest that year, he prophesied that Yeshua was about to die for the people,
After this, the “live goat” was not to publicly return to the scene for another two thousand years!
There is a second huge but almost entirely unnoticed reference to the Day of Atonements in Luke 4. In addition to the references to the Azazel Goat we just saw in Luke 4, there is a very plain reference to the Day of Atonements in verses 16-21. You see, it was on the Day of Atonements that the upcoming Jubilee year was announced. (No, the Jubilee year doesn’t start in the 7th month.) A synonym for Jubilee is ‘the Acceptable Year of YHVH’ (the Lord). On the Day of Atonements in 27 AD, during the 49th year of the Jubilee cycle, Yeshua announced the UPCOMING Jubilee (28 AD) in accordance with the instruction given in Leviticus 25. The Jubilee year was always begun on the first month of the year, Aviv 1:
Leviticus 25:8-12 ‘You must count off seven Sabbaths of years—seven times seven years, so that the seven Sabbaths of years amounts to a period of forty-nine years. 9 THEN you will sound the shofar alarm [U] [Literally “shofar shofar”, not Jubilee] on the tenth day of the seventh moon, on the Day of Atonements you’ll sound the shofar alarm thruout your entire land. 10 You’ll dedicate the fiftieth year, and proclaim [or read] liberty thruout the land to all of its inhabitants. It will be a Jubilee for you, and each of you can return to your own property, and each of you will return to your own clan. 11 The fiftieth year will be your Jubilee year. During ‘that year’ you won’t plant, or preserve the ‘after crop’* from what grows by itself, or make wine* from any leftover* grapes. 12 It’s a Jubilee, it will be a ‘time of dedication’ [kadosh] for you. You can eat the fresh voluntary produce from your fields.
This was Yeshua’s “mission statement”. Immediately after the account of His immersion and the account of Satan tempting Him, we begin to read His first recorded words. Commentators acknowledge that Yeshua was referring to the JUBILEE by that wording, but then they apparently spiritualize the words away! Luke gave us the circumstances leading up to Yeshua’s statement:
Luke 4:16-19 He went to Nazareth where He had been raised, and He went into the synagogue, as usual, on the Sabbath and stood up to read. 17 He was handed the scroll of Isaiah the prophet. Yeshua unrolled the scroll and found the place where it says: 18 “The spirit of YHVH is on Me, because He has anointed Me to proclaim Good News to the poor. He has sent Me to heal the oppressed and to herald release from bondage to the captives, give the blind vision, to assure the penitent by liberating them from their sins, 19 and to announce the Acceptable Year of YHVH.”
The “Acceptable Year of Yehovah” is how Jubilee is expressed in Aramaic, Yeshua’s native language. Announcing the Jubilee was part of His mission statement!
On the Day of Atonements, we should focus on Yehovah’s formula for obtaining eternal Life. Sin and death, necessitate an offering so that we can obtain life.
Leviticus 16:8 Aaron is to cast lots for the two goats, one lot for Yehovah, and the other lot for the Azazel goat.
1 Corinthians 15:17 If the Messiah hasn’t been raised, your faith is worthless and you are still without hope in your sins.
2 Timothy 1:8-10 So don’t you be ashamed of the Testimony of our Master or of me His bondsman, rather, endure the hardships associated with the Good News thru the power of YHVH, 9 who has Rescued us from perishing and called us by name with a supernatural invitation because of what we’ve done, but because of His own compassion that was given to us thru Yeshua Messiah before the time [Gr. chronos] of eternity [or the worlds]. 10 And now it’s been plainly revealed by the appearance of our Life Giver, Yeshua Messiah, who has abolished death  and brought real life and immortality into plain view thru the Good News.
Did you notice, death is already abolished for Yehovah’s children!
2 Timothy 1:10 ... Yeshua Messiah, who has abolished death and brought real life and immortality into plain view thru the Good News.
Of course, this reference to death being abolished is in reference to the resurrection:
1 Corinthians 15:54 So when this perishable is clothed with the imperishable, and this mortal is clothed with immortality, THAT IS WHEN the written word will be accomplished: “Death is devoured in victory. (Isaiah 25:7)
The death penalty is permanently removed for for those who qualify, more people will qualify as time goes on and new generations are born.
Before going on, I want to note some Scriptures about this Husband and bride. This is very important because people almost never figure out who the bride of this Husband is. Yet she is at the core of all prophecy!
Jeremiah 31:31-33 The time is coming, , says Yehovah, when I’ll enact a New marriage Covenant with the ‘household’ [nation] of Israel and the ‘household’ of Judah. 32 It won’t be like the marriage Covenant that I made with their ancestors during the time when I took them by the hand and led them out of the land of Egypt, since they broke My Covenant, tho I was their Husband, says Yehovah. 33 In this marriage Covenant that I’ll make with the ‘nation’ of Israel after those days, says Yehovah, I’ll put My Torah in the very seat of their thoughts and emotions, and I’ll write it into their minds [hearts]. I’ll be their Elohim, and they’ll be My people.
But this marriage is only after the bride-to-be quits whoring around spiritually (and physically) and is brought back into the wilderness outside of the Promised Land to learn about her miserable Torahless lifestyle! Hosea actually depicts the Marriage Supper of the Lamb! Notice below how quickly “His bride has made herself ready” for her marriage (Revelation 19:7). She goes directly from prostitution into the marriage covenant! I personally have higher aspirations than to be this bride. See Who is the Messiah’s Bride?
Hosea 2:7-17 She’ll chase her lovers, but she won’t catch them, and she’ll look for them but not find them. Then she’ll say, ‘I’ll go and return to my first man, because it was better for me then than now.’ 8 She didn’t believe that I provided her with grain, new wine, and oliveoil. I even supplied the silver and gold that she used for Baal! 9 So I’ll take back My grain when it ‘ripens’, and My new wine during the harvest season, and take away My wool and My linen that covered her nakedness. 10 Now I’ll expose her naked body in the sight of her lovers, and no one will rescue her from My grasp. 11 I’ll put an end to HER celebrations, HER Pilgrimage Feasts [Chag], HER new moons, HER Sabbaths, and all HER appointed Festivals [Moedim]. 12 I’ll destroy her grapevines and her fig trees, that she claimed were the wages her lovers have given her, and I’ll make them a forest, and wild animals will devour them. 13 I’ll come and punish her for the times when she burned incense to the Baals, when she adorned herself with her rings and jewelry, and chased her lovers, and forgot Me, says Yehovah. 14 But I’m going to allure her back. I’ll bring her into the wilderness [Ezekiel 20:35], and speak tenderly to her there. 15 I’ll give her back her vineyards beginning there, and the valley of Achor [trouble] as a doorway of hope. She’ll respond there, as in the days of her youth, just like when she came out of the land of Egypt. 16 Yehovah says: When that day comes, you’ll call Me Husband [Ishi] and you’ll never again call Me ‘Lord’ [Baali]. 17 I’ll remove the names of the Baals from your mouths, and you will never mention them again.
The Day of Atonements is the day when Israel’s backsliding stops forever!
Isaiah 54:4-8 Don’t be afraid, because you won’t be ashamed or humiliated. You won’t be put to shame, and you’ll forget the shame of your youth. You won’t remember the stigmatism of widowhood. 5 Your Makers are your HUSBANDS , Yehovah the Commander is His name, and the Kadosh One of Israel is your Redeemer. He is called the Elohim of the entire earth. 6 Yehovah has called you like a deserted wife tormented by grief, like a wife rejected early in life, says your Elohim. 7 For a brief moment I let you alone, but with infinite compassion I’ll bring you back. 8 In a spurt of anger I hid My face from you momentarily, but with eternal love I’ll have compassion on you, says Yehovah your Redeemer.
 Yes, both are plural, but not a trinity. This site source has plenty of plurality verses that I consider Binity. But to read historical statements confirming the fact that Yehovah was recognized as a Binity until Constantine forced a “reconsideration”, see this link. Also, when last I checked, Wikipedia’s article on Binitarianism was an equally informative article that is as persuasive as it can be, while still maintaining the necessary air of neutrality required of an encyclopedia.
Jeremiah 3:20-22 Surely like when a treacherous wife leaves her ‘husband’, that’s how you’ve been unfaithful with Me, ‘nation’ of Israel, says Yehovah. 21 A voice is heard on the barren heights, the crying and the pleading of the Israelites, because they have perverted of their ways, they’ve forgotten Yehovah their Elohim. 22 Return, you apostate sons, and I’ll heal your apostasy.” “We’re coming to You, because You are Yehovah our Elohim!”
1 Samuel 7:3-8 Samuel told the whole household of Israel, “If you want to return to Yehovah with all of your being, then get rid of your foreign gods and Ashtoreth [Easter] icons, and establish yourselves with Yehovah, and only serve Him, and He’ll deliver you from the grasp of the Philistines. 4 So the Israelites got rid of their baalim [Lords], and their Easter icons, and only served Yehovah. 5 Then Samuel said, “Gather all of Israel to Mizpah, and I will pray to Yehovah for you.” 6 So they gathered at Mizpah, and drew water, and poured it out before Yehovah, and fasted that day, and it was there that they confessed, “We have sinned against Yehovah. Samuel became the judge of the Israelites in Mizpah. 7 When the Philistines heard that the Israelites had gathered in Mizpah, the lords of the Philistines advanced against Israel. When the Israelites heard about it, they were afraid of the Philistines. 8 The Israelites asked Samuel, “Don’t stop crying to Yehovah our Elohim for us. Ask Him to rescue us from the grasp of the Philistines.”
Soon Israel regained her lost towns:
Verses 14-15 The towns that the Philistines had taken from Israel were returned to Israel, from Ekron all the way to Gath. Israel was delivered from the grasp of the Philistines. And there was peace between Israel and the Amorites. 15 Samuel continued to judge Israel for the rest of his life.
But the government didn’t even last thru the lifetime of Samuel. Israel wanted human rule instead of Elohim’s rule:
1 Samuel 8:6-8 But Samuel was very angry when they said, “Give us a king to rule over us. So Samuel prayed to Yehovah. 7 Yehovah told Samuel, “Listen to what the people are saying, to you, because they haven’t rejected you, but they’ve rejected Me as their King! 8 As with everything they’ve done since the day that I brought them out of Egypt, including today, they’ve forsaken Me and served other gods, and they’re treating you the same way.
Verse 18: When that time comes you’ll cry out because of the king you’ve chosen for yourselves, but Yehovah won’t answer you then.
When Yehovah comes with fire and chariots on Trumpets, the wheels of change will be set in motion. A few days later on the Day of Atonements of the next Jubilee year, national repentance, literally from in the wilderness again, will remove the last barrier for the rebirth of a nation of Israel and open the floodgates for the return to the land:
Isaiah 66:7-16 Before she had any labor pains, yes, before any pain she gave birth to a son. 8 Who has heard of such a thing? Who has ever seen such a thing? Can a country be born in one day? Can a nation be born instantly? Yet as soon as Zion had labor pains, she gave birth to her children! 9 Would I bring to the moment of birth, and not bring about the delivery?” Asks Yehovah, “Would I, the One who brings about births shut the womb?” Asks your Elohim. 10 Celebrate with Jerusalem and be happy for her. Everyone who mourns over her should be extremely delighted. 11 You can nurse and be satisfied with her comforting breasts. You can drink deeply and be delighted with her overflowing* splendor. 12 Yehovah says: I’ll extend peace to her like a river, and the splendor of the nations like an overflowing stream. You’ll nurse and be carried on her side, and dandled on her knees! 13 As a mother comforts her child, that’s how I’ll comfort you, and you’ll be comforted in Jerusalem. 14 When you see it, you’ll feel like celebrating, and your bones will flourish like tender grass, and the hand of Yehovah will be apparent to His servants, but He’ll be angry with His enemies. 15 Yehovah will come with fire, and His chariots will be like a whirlwind! He will return with fierce anger, He will punish them with flames of fire. 16 Yehovah will execute judgment by fire and with His sword on all ‘humanity’, and many will be slain by Yehovah.
The Book of Joel, just three chapters long, is entirely about the latter day fulfillment of the Day of Atonements. The Day of Atonements portrays the prophetic time when Israel is finally reconciled to Yehovah. The context of Joel indicates that the Beast has already, by this time, defiled the latter day Third Temple, “the kadosh place” mentioned in Matthew 24:15, and that Yehovah—now actually present on earth—is annihilating all of the armies who stand Israel’s way! The book of Joel describes the response of Israel to the events that they witnessed beginning just nine days earlier on the Day of Trumpets. Joel contains the clearest explanation concerning the Atonements of the people of Israel in response to the Day of Yehovah. Notice from the following excerpts what the people will do; then notice what Yehovah will do in return!
Joel 1:13-15 Put on sackcloth and mourn, you priests! Cry loudly, you ministers of the altar! Come, spend the night in sackcloth, you ministers of my Elohim, because they have put a stop to the offering and the wine offering in your Elohim’s house. [Daniel 9:27]. 14 Proclaim a fast. Summon the Festival Meeting. Gather the elders, and all of the people of the land to the temple of Yehovah your Elohim, and cry out to Yehovah. 15 A terrible day! The Day of Yehovah is near, and it will come as destruction from the Sovereign.
So the Great Tribulation is drawing to a close and the Day of Yehovah is about to strike! (Matthew 24:29-30).
Joel 2:1-3, 9, 11-12 Blow the shofar in Zion. Sound the alarm on My kadosh mountain! All the inhabitants of the land should tremble, because the Day of Yehovah is coming, it’s about to hit! 2 It’s day of darkness and gloominess, a day of thick clouds and darkness. Like the dawn spreading across the mountains, a huge and powerful army moves in. There has never been anything like it, nor will there be again afterward thruout the years, generation after generation. 3 A fire devours before them, and a flame blazes behind them. The land before them is like the garden of Eden, but behind them it’s a devastated desert, and nothing escapes. ... 9 They rush into the city. They run along the walls. They climb into the houses, entering thru the windows like thieves. ... 11 Yehovah’s voice ‘thunders’ before His army, because His forces are extremely large. Those who obey His commands are powerful. The Day of Yehovah is great and very dreadful. Who can endure it? 12 Yet even now, says Yehovah, Turn to Me with all your being, with fasting and crying and mourning.
Joel 3:1-8, 15-17 In those days and in that time, when I bring back the captives [not “fortunes” or “captivity”] of Judah and Jerusalem, 2 I’ll gather all the nations and will bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat [not Armageddon?], and I’ll execute judgment on them there on behalf of My people, because they’ve scattered My heritage Israel among the nations and divvied up My land. 3 And cast lots for My people. They traded boys for prostitutes, and sold girls for wine, so they could get drunk. 4 What business do you have with Me, Tyre and Sidon and all of the regions of Philistia? Are you repaying Me for some wrong? If you’re repaying me, I’ll quickly return your payment on your own heads. 5 Since you’ve taken My silver and My gold [from His temple], and brought My precious treasures into your pagan shrines, 6 and sold the descendants of Judah and Jerusalem to the Greeks in order to remove them far from their homeland, 7 I’m going to cause an awakening among them in the places where you’ve sold them, and return your payment on your own head, 8 and I’ll sell your sons and your daughters into the hands of the descendants of Judah, and they’ll sell them to the Sabeans, a nation far away. I Yehovah have spoken. ... 15 The sun and the moon will be darkened, and the star light will be taken away. 16 Yehovah will roar from Zion and thunder from Jerusalem, and the sky and the earth will quake, but Yehovah will be a refuge for His people, and a means of safety for the ‘nation’ of Israel. 17 Then you’ll know that I am Yehovah your Elohim, living in Zion, My kadosh mountain. Then Jerusalem will be kadosh, and no foreigners will ever invade her again.
The message of Ezekiel 20 pictures the very day when all 12 tribes of Israel return to the promised land of Israel. They have just come out of literal slavery in a second exodus. The Shepherd of Israel will sort out the people there at the border. Those willing to abandon their idolatros and evil ways will be judged worthy to enter the land and allowed in, while the rebellious are turned away:
Ezekiel 20:33-38 As surely as I live, says the Sovereign Yehovah, I will rule you with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm and with wrath poured out, I’ll be your King. 34 I’ll bring you out of the nations and gather you out of the countries where you were scattered, with a mighty hand and with an outstretched arm, and with wrath poured out. 35 I’ll bring you into the wilderness of the people [Isaiah 1, Hosea 2:14], and I’ll judge you there face to face, 36 just like when I judged your ancestors in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, that’s how I’ll judge you, says the Sovereign Yehovah. 37 I’ll make you pass under the shepherd’s rod, and I’ll bind you in a [Kimchi] [New] Covenant, 38 and I’ll purge out the rebels from among you, and those who disobey Me. I’ll bring them out of the land where they were living, but they won’t enter the land of Israel. Then you’ll know that I am Yehovah.
On the Day of Atonements preceding the next Jubilee year, I expect to hear “the shofar of the Jubilee to sound” announcing (but not initiating) the most important Jubilee year since the one that Yeshua began His ministry in. This is when the survivors of the coming holocaust will be given back the property that was lost by their ancestors many centuries ago due to disobedience. While the Jubilee is announced in the 49th year, on Atonements, it is fulfilled in the 50th year, including the Atonements prophecies:
Leviticus 25:1, 8 Yehovah told Moses on Mount Sinai. ... 8 ‘You must count off seven Sabbaths of years—seven times seven years, so that the seven Sabbaths of years amounts to a period of forty-nine years.
Verse 9 of this chapter takes us to the point in time of Day of Yehovah that will occupy the Jubilee Year. It not only marks the year all twelve tribes will return to her ancient territories (Ezekiel 47), but it is the “Time of Vengeance”—the year when Israel is “redeemed” and her enemies receive “vengeance”. The Day of Atonements on the tenth day of the seventh month is when the Jubilee is announced for the upcoming year with a special Jubilee shofar. But this has absolutely nothing to do with the beginning of a new year, (Karaite Korner)! In fact the seven Jubilee Shofars of Joshua 6:4-5,13-16 when honestly translated, were sounded at the fall of Jericho in the first month of the year on the Seventh Day of Unleavened Bread!
Leviticus 25:9-13 THEN you must sound shofars loudly [U] [Literally “shofar shofar”, not Jubilee] on the tenth day of the seventh month, on the Day of Atonements you must sound shofars loudly thruout your entire land. 10 You must dedicate the fiftieth year, and proclaim [or read] liberty thruout the land to everyone who lives there. It will be your Jubilee. Each of you can return to your own property, and each of you can return to your own clan. 11 The fiftieth year will be your Jubilee year. During ‘that year’ you won’t plant, or preserve the ‘after crop’* from what grows by itself, or make wine* from any leftover* grapes. 12 It’s a Jubilee, it will be a ‘time of dedication’ [kadosh] for you. You can eat the fresh voluntary produce from your fields. 13 In this Year of Jubilee each of you can return to your ancestral property.
Isaiah 63:4 The Day of Vengeance was on My mind, and My Year of Redemption has come.
Here is a brief time line of end time events: The Two Witnesses will explain to Israel the significance of their captivity, beginning with the Jews in Jerusalem, during the Great Tribulation, over a period of 3 1/2 years:
Back in Zechariah 12:6 we read that Yehovah “will make the leaders of Judah like a like a firepot in a woodpile, like a burning torch among sheaves. They’ll burn up all the surrounding nations right and left, while the people of Jerusalem will once again be secure.”
Without getting deeply into that topic here, I believe that these “leaders” include the Two Witnesses. They will be the movers and shakers of the Second Exodus.
Zechariah chapters 12 thru 14 describes the transition from the Great Tribulation—the second 3 1/2 year period (making seven years, Daniel 9:27) to “the Day of Yehovah” (or “the Day of the LORD”) perhaps better than any other prophecy. Millions of Israelites from all twelve tribes will die, but a remnant will survive the ordeal, being “counted worthy to escape” (Luke 21:36). While the many nations that tortured Israel are suffering thru the Day of Yehovah, Israelites from all over the world will have already begun the return to Israel in the Second Exodus (Isaiah 11:11). The inhabitants of Jerusalem will be experiencing supernatural protection during the regathering as they begin to understand that their ancestors killed the Messiah, and they themselves were indifferent at best. (Zechariah 12:8-12) Now Israel is torn between agony and ecstasy! So much suffering has occurred, but it is time for the twelve tribes to resettle the entire the Promised Land as described in Ezekiel 47. The Day of Atonements completes one of the biggest events in world history—the Second Exodus!
The following Scriptures and commentary, relate specifically to the celebration of the Day of Atonements.
Leviticus 23:27-29 “On ‘exactly’ the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonements. You must hold a kadosh public assembly then. You’ll humble yourselves by fasting, and present a burnt offering to Yehovah. 28 Don’t do any kind of work that day, because it’s the Day of Atonements, to make atonement on your behalf with Yehovah your Elohim. 29 If anyone won’t deny themselves on that day, they will be cut off by death* from their people.
The Day of Atonements is easily associated with fasting and drawing closer to Yehovah. Yet the vast majority of people who claim to follow Yehovah have always been a great disappointment to Him. This situation will no longer be allowed once Israel’s captivity and release has softened the hardened heads of our people. Notice from the context that this is a time when people can actually hear Yehovah’s voice. The “breach” in human relationships with Yehovah that has mystified humanity since the time of Adam will be repaired! All of “Palestine” will again be truly dedicated and rebuilt. This is definitely not just figurative speech!
Isaiah 58:1-12 Cry aloud, hold nothing back, lift up your voice like a shofar, and announce to My people their disobedience, and to the ‘descendants’ of Jacob their sins. 2 Yet they seek Me daily, appearing to favor My ways, as if they were a righteous nation that didn’t forsake the ordinances of their Elohim. They ask for My righteous judgments, ‘ostensively’ delighted to draw near Elohim. 3 They ask, “Why have we fasted without Your seeing? And why have we humbled ourselves, without Your noticing?” Well, on the day of your fast you find entertainment, and go about your work! 4 You fast only to quarrel and fight, and to strike with a wicked fist. You don’t fast today to make your voice heard high above! 5 Is this the kind of fast that I’ve chosen? Isn’t this a day for people to humble themselves? Shouldn’t you bow your heads down like reeds, spreading sackcloth and ashes to lie on? Would you call this a fast, and an acceptable day to Yehovah? 6 Isn’t this the fast that I’ve chosen: to release the bonds of wickedness, to undo the bands of the yoke, to set the oppressed free and break every yoke? 7 Isn’t it to share your bread with the hungry, and bring the wandering poor into your house? And cover he naked with clothes when you see them, rather than hide from your own ‘relatives’? 8 Then your light will break thru like the dawn, and your recovery will spring forward speedily. Your righteousness will precede you, and the splendor of Yehovah will be your rear guard. 9 Then you’ll call, and Yehovah will answer, you’ll cry, and He’ll say, ‘Here I am’. If you get rid of the yoke, and quit pointing your finger, and saying wicked things. 10 If you give of yourselves to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted, then your light will rise in darkness, and your darkness will become like noonday. 11 Yehovah will guide you continually, and satisfy you in scorched places, and strengthen your bones. You’ll be like a well watered garden, like an unfailing artesian spring. 12 Some of your people will rebuild the ancient ruins, you’ll raise up the foundations of many generations. You’ll be called ‘those who’ repair broken walls and restore the streets where people live.”
Atonement means reconciliation. Some say that the Azazel goat, or Azazel goat, a part of the core meaning of the Day of Atonements, represents, in essence, Satan taking on the sins of the world—atoning for our sins, so as to reconcile us to Yehovah! Were that the case, then Satan would be our Savior! Is that Satan’s role? If that teaching isn’t blasphemous, then what is? Satan has produced many counterfeit ‘Saviors’.
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 2 expresses a common opinion about the primary meaning of the Day of Atonements—that is that the day has something to do with “an evil spirit”.
“The general meaning of the ceremony is sufficiently shown in the text [of Leviticus 16]. But the details present some difficulty. The Vulgate caper emissarius, “emissary goat”, represents the obscure Hebrew word Azazel, which occurs nowhere else in the Bible. Various attempts have been made to interpret its meaning. Some have taken it for the name of a place where the man who took the goat away used to throw it over a precipice, since its return was thought to forebode evil. Others, with better reason, take it for the name of an evil spirit; and in fact a spirit of this name is mentioned in the Apocryphal Book of Henoch, and later in Jewish literature. On this interpretation—which, though by no means new, finds favour with modern critics—the idea of the ceremony would seem to be that the sins were sent back to the evil spirit to whose influence they owed their origin. It has been noted that somewhat similar rites of expiation have prevailed among heathen nations. And modern critics, who refer the above passages to the Priestly Code, and to a post-Exilic date, are disposed to regard the sending of the goat to Azazel as an adaptation of a pre-existing ceremon[y].”
Repeatedly, the Atonement Scriptures concern these four pivotal commonalities: sin and death, ze’bak [sacrifice] and life.
The symbolic and prophetic significance of the Day of Atonements can be determined from the information contained in Leviticus, provided we have the simple understanding that the Messiah was made an offering for our sins. Offerings were always “without blemish”. If Satan, who was blemished top to bottom, could have done the job, then certainly our eternal lives would have been secured that way!
Our Life Giver literally bore all of the sins of the world—past, present and presumably future. However, for the prize of Life to be complete, the Life Giver has to return and “clean house”. This is symbolized in the seemingly mundane rituals involving the cleansing of a home contaminated with an infectious skin disease. Both a slain “bird” and a LIVING “bird” make atonement (compare to Matthew 3:16). I believe that the actual fulfillment of the Day of Atonements is further elaborated on in the passage about the two birds. Israel became spiritually leprous.
Leviticus 14:49-53 To purify the house he’ll take two birds and some cedar wood, scarlet yarn and hyssop. 50 He’ll kill one of the birds in a clay pot over living water. 51 Then he’ll take the cedar wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet yarn, and the living bird, and dip them in the blood of the bird that was killed as well as in the living water, and sprinkle the house seven times. 52 He’ll cleanse the house with the bird’s blood, the living water, the living bird, the cedar wood, the hyssop, and with the scarlet yarn, 53 but he’ll release the living bird outside of the city into the open fields. This is how he’ll make atonement for the house, and it will be clean.
There is a great deal of symbolism in this skin disease account. Notice the emphasis on “atonement”, the offering of two “clean” birds, a seven day period (the Feast of Tabernacles?) and an eighth day (the Eighth Day?). I won’t comment further because there is more here than I presently understand.
Leviticus 14:11-13,18-31 Yehovah told Moses: 2 “This is the instruction [Torah] for person with an infectious skin diseases on the day of their cleansing, when they are brought to the priest. 3 The priest must go outside of the camp for the examination, to see if the infectious skin disease has been healed in the person with the skin disease. 4 Then the priest will order someone to take for the person who is to be cleansed two living clean birds, some cedar wood, scarlet yarn, and hyssop. 5 The priest will order someone to kill one of the birds in a clay pot over living water. 6 As for the living bird, he’ll take it, and the cedar wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop, and dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird that was killed over the living water. 7 He’ll sprinkle the person who is to be cleansed from the infectious skin disease seven times, and pronounce him clean, and release the living bird in the open fields. 8 The person being cleansed must then wash their clothes, shave off all their hair, and bathe themself in water, and they’ll be clean. Afterwards they’ll return to the camp, but remain outside of their tent for seven days. 9 On the seventh day, they must shave off all the hair from their head again, even beards and eyebrows, all their hair must be shaved off. They’ll wash their clothes, and bathe their body in water, then they’ll be clean. 10 On the eighth day they must take two male lambs without defects, and one ewe lamb a year old without defects, and three tenths of an ephah of fine flour for a flour offering, mixed with oil, and one log [about half a liter] of oil. 11 The priest who cleanses the person will present the person who is to be cleansed, and the ‘offerings’, before Yehovah, at the entrance of the Congregational Tent. 12 The priest will kill one of the male lambs and bring it for a guilt offering, along with the log of olive oil, and present them as a wave offering before Yehovah. 13 He’ll kill the male lamb in the place where they kill the sin offering and the burnt offering, in that part of the Temple, because as the sin offering is the priest’s, so is the guilt offering. It’s most kadosh. ... 18 The rest of the oil that is in the palm of the priest’s hand he’ll put on the head of the person who is to be cleansed, and the priest will make atonement for the person before Yehovah. 19 The priest will offer the sin offering, and make atonement for the person who is to be cleansed from their uncleanness, and afterward he’ll kill the burnt offering. 20 The priest will offer the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. In this way the priest will make atonement for the person, and the person will be clean. 21 But anyone who is poor, and can’t afford so much can bring one male lamb for a guilt offering to be waved, to bring about their atonement, and one tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with olive oil for a grain offering, and a log of olive oil, 22 and two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, whatever they are able to afford. One of them will be a sin offering, and the other a burnt offering. 23 On the eighth day he must bring them for his cleansing to the priest, to the doorway of the Congregational Tent, before Yehovah. 24 The priest will take the lamb for a guilt offering, and the log of olive oil, and the priest will wave them before Yehovah as a wave offering. 25 He’ll slaughter the lamb of the guilt offering. The priest will take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the right ear lobe of one who is to be cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. 26 The priest will pour some of the oil into the palm of his own left hand, 27 and will sprinkle with his right finger some of the oil that is in his left palm seven times before Yehovah. 28 Then the priest will put some of the oil that’s in his palm on the right ear lobe of the person to be cleansed, and on the thumb of their right hand, and on the big toe of their right foot, in the same place where the blood of the guilt offering was put. 29 And the rest of the oil that’s in the priest’s palm will be put on the head of the person who is to be cleansed, to make atonement for them before Yehovah. 30 Then ‘the priest’ will offer one of the turtledoves or the pigeons, whichever the person can afford, 31 the ‘most affordable’ one for a sin offering, the other for a burnt offering, along with the grain offering. The priest will make atonement for the person who is to be cleansed before Yehovah.
Here is a big clue for those who still don’t know who it is who bears our sins:
Isaiah 53:9-11 He was given a grave with the wicked, ‘buried’ in a rich man’s grave, tho He had done nothing violent, nor had He ‘spoken’ anything deceitful. 10 Yet it was Yehovah’s desired plan to crush Him, putting Him to grief; if it would render Him a sin offering. He’ll see His offspring, and prolong His days, and the desirable things of Yehovah will advance by His hand. 11 After the suffering in His life, He’ll see His accomplishment and be satisfied. My righteous Servant will justify many by what he has learned through suffering. He’ll bear their sins.
What does the “wilderness” represent that the live goat was released into, and what about the “open field” that the “living bird” was released into? The Hebrew midbar places emphasis on “large tracts of wilderness (or uninhabited land) (around cities).” The first itemized use of field emphasizes a “cultivated field”.
Ezekiel 36:33-36 The Sovereign Yehovah says: On the day that I cleanse you from all of your sins, I’ll enable you to inhabit the cities, and the waste places will be rebuilt. 34 The wasteland will be tilled rather than remaining desolate in the plain view of everyone who passes by. 35 They’ll say, “This land that was desolate has become like the Garden of Eden, and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are fenced and inhabited.” 36 Then the nations that are left around you will know that I, Yehovah, have rebuilt the ruined places, and replanted the land that was desolate. I, Yehovah, have said it, and I’ll do it.
I would suggest that the “wilderness” and the cultivated “field” appear to represent a before and after comparison. This “day” will literally occur on the Day of Atonements of a near future Jubilee year!
Exodus 16:2 The entire assembly of Israel grumbled about Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.
Ancient Israel is the “before” picture.
Leviticus 16:21-22 Aaron will lay both of his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the sins of the descendant’s of Israel, and all their rebellious behavior—everything they did wrong; and he’ll put them on the head of the goat, and send him away into the wilderness, handled by a man who’s waiting. 22 The goat will carry all their sins on himself to a remote place, and the ‘man’ will release the goat into the wilderness.
(The use of the words “fit man” in the KJV, instead of something like ‘man who’s waiting’ has caused some people to think that an “ape man” was needed for the task, leading to a total misunderstanding of the symbolism!)
The First Exodus involved Israel escaping captivity to hold a feast in the wilderness.
Exodus 5:1 Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, “This is what Yehovah, the Elohim of Israel, says: ‘Let My people go so that they can celebrate a Feast with Me in the wilderness.’”
The Second Exodus portrays the “after” picture.
Zechariah 12:10-11 Then I’ll pour on the dynasty of David, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of favor and supplication. They’ll look at Me , the One they’ve pierced, and they’ll mourn for Him, like someone mourns for their only son, and they’ll grieve bitterly for Him, like someone cries over a firstborn. 11 When that day comes there will be a great mourning in Jerusalem, like the mourning of Hadad rimmon in the valley of Megiddo [Armageddon].
 After “Me”, there are two Hebrew letters: “Aleph & Tav”, the first and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet, to indicate who is being referred to. Perhaps you are more familiar with the Alpha and the Omega.
The Day of Atonements is, as someone expressed it “at-one-ment” with Yehovah. During the Day of Yehovah, while many other nations of the world are being punished for having overdone their punishment on Israel, the many Israelite nations will begin to become at one with Yehovah! That is what the following Scriptures were to portray to ancient Israel, tho they never had a clue.
Exodus 30:10 Aaron must make atonement on its horns once a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements. Once every year he must make atonement on it thruout your generations. It’s most kadosh to Yehovah.
Much of Israel will be spared the seven last plagues!
Exodus 30:12 “When you take a census of the Israelites, to number them, then each man must pay a ransom for his life to Yehovah as he is counted, so that there will be no plague among them when you count them.
The Day of Atonements is “a memorial” to the day when Israel makes atonement for her sins!
Exodus 30:16 You must take the atonement money from the descendants of Israel, and use it for the service of the Congregational Tent, so that it will serve as a memorial for the Israelites before Yehovah, to make atonement for yourselves.
During the Day of Yehovah, Yehovah will “defend” those who are seeking refuge in Jerusalem, as we saw in Zechariah 12:8 above, and He will teach them righteousness:
Zechariah 9:15-16 Yehovah the Commander will defend them. They’ll devour and subdue with sling stones, and they’ll drink and shout as if they were drunk, and they’ll be filled like the basin at the corners of the altar. 16 Yehovah their Elohim will rescue them when that day comes as the flock of His people, because they are like the jewels of a crown, like a glimmering beacon over His land.
Isaiah 60:21-22 Your people will all be righteous, they’ll inherit the land forever, a shoot that I planted, the work of My hands, to bring about My splendor. 22 The least of you will become a thousand, and the smallest one a mighty nation. I, Yehovah, will will do it quickly when it’s time.
The Day of Atonements is when sorrow turns into joy!
Psalm 30:11 You’ve turned my mourning into dancing. You’ve removed my sackcloth and clothed me with joy.
Isaiah 51:11 Those ransomed by Yehovah will return, and come singing into Zion. Everlasting joy will ‘crown’ their heads; they’ll be overwhelmed with gladness and joy, as sorrow and sighing flee away.
Jeremiah 33:10-12 “This is what Yehovah says: “Once again there will be heard in this place, the very place that you say, ‘It’s a waste, without people or animals’, in the desolate cities of Judah, and the streets of Jerusalem, devoid of people and animals, 11 the sound of joy and gladness, the voices of the bridegroom and the bride, the voices of those who say, ‘Give thanks to Yehovah the Commander, because Yehovah is good and His loving kindness endures forever,’ and of those who bring ze’bakim [sacrifices] of thanksgiving into Yehovah’s Temple. Because I’ll release the captives to return to the land as in the past, says Yehovah. 12 “This is what Yehovah the Commander says: “This deserted land, a place without people or animals, in all its cities, will once again be a habitat where shepherds rest their flocks.
On the Day of Atonements we should look forward to the Promised Land, that our generation will reenter (one way or the other) at the very onset of the Everlasting Kingdom.
Now for Part 5, The Feast of Tabernacles