Everlasting Kingdom: Unraveling the Bible’s Secrets

Daniel’s Mysterious Seventy “Weeks”

A Day For A Year?

New Jerusalem

Back Next Chapter 26, Part 3 Preview: Among the most important prophecies in the Scriptures, the one usually referred to as the “Seventy Weeks Prophecy” stands out. It is the “chief cornerstone”, so to speak, of Messianic prophecies because it establishes the time line of both the (so called) First and Second Comings of the Messiah. In fact, it is the only pre “Messianic” Scripture that calls the Messiah the “Messiah”; so technically, it is the only “Messianic” prophecy of old. The Daniel 9 prophecy is very specific. It pinpoints four exact “milestone” events, three of them were prophetic. For several centuries individuals have been able to approximate within a few years, the Messianic timetable. Some few have even been able to pinpoint the very years, but there is absolutely no consensus on how the details have been—and yes will be fulfilled.

The Coming Prince

Another early proponent of dating this prophecy was Sir Robert Anderson. His 19th century book, The Coming Prince stirred great interest in Biblical chronology. With the understanding that the book of Revelation equates years as being only 360 days in length (1260 divided by 42), Anderson applied 360 day years to the past—beginning with 445 BC.

Revelation 11:2-3 But don’t measure the courtyard outside of the Temple. Leave it out, because it has been given to the heathens, and they’ll trample the kadosh city underfoot for forty-two months. 3 I’ll commission My Two Witnesses. They’ll prophesy for 1,260 days, wearing sackcloth. —The Gabriel Bible

Despite the new and popular interest, new errors entered the picture. The first problem is that years are presently 365 days in length. As an aside, I believe that one of the miracles of the Two Witnesses may be to change years back to 360 days—in the future!

Prophetic Years?

Beginning with the decree given to Nehemiah of 445 BC as his starting point, and using a 360 day “prophetic year”, Anderson calculated 483 “lunar years” X 360 days, to be 173,880 days between the day that the 445 BC edict was issued and the day when Yeshua made His celebrated appearance into Jerusalem (closer, but still the wrong event). His calculations have the crucifixion in 32 AD.

However there is no indication that Daniel was referring to anything other than solar years. Apparently years were actually 360 days in length until about 700 BC, as revealed in THE YEAR OF 360 DAYS. Until then “solar years” (the only kind of year there was) contained exactly 12 lunar months of 30 days. Months are now only 29.5 days long, so lunar calendars are adjusted for the shortage of days with an additional 13th month during some years to remain in sync with the revolutions of the earth.

Scriptural years are always in harmony with the agricultural cycles because they are based on plant phenology. In 1750 the Swedish scientist Linnaeus is credited with turning plant watching into a systematic science now known as Phenology—in essence “discovering” the Scriptural planting system! The “harvest” Feasts of Pentecost and the Feast of Tabernacles stay on the correct seasonal marks based upon observing barley maturity. Were years to lose five or more days annually as on a strictly lunar calendar (like the Muslim calendar), the harvest feasts would soon be in the dead of winter, and then moving thru every other month of the year as do the Muslim holidays.

Daniel had no trouble understanding that Gabriel was telling him that 70 literal years of captivity were soon to come to an end.

Another problem with Anderson’s calculation is what Latin lovers call the “terminus” (end) date. He proposed that the 69th week, plus a 3½ year ministry, resulted in the Messiah’s crucifixion in 32 AD. However, this year is not acceptable to Wednesday Passover proponents such as myself, nor even to the Thursday or Good Friday proponents. He actually had to consciously move both “goal posts” a bit to end up with a Friday crucifixion.

In his much cited book, Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ, Harold Hoehner calculated that there were 173,880 days between Nehemiah’s decree and a supposed crucifixion in 33 AD. By choosing the wrong decree, and then changing its date from 445 to 444 BC, and then assuming that 360 day long years were somehow still in effect, he at least got into the ballpark. Yeshua was “about thirty years of age” when He began His ministry. Hoehner’s chronology would have His crucifixion when He was 35 years old.

The First Sixty Nine “Weeks”

Further evidence that the 69th week ended in 27 AD is the fact that on this time line, Yeshua’s 3½ year ministry would end in early 31 AD. As referenced before, most others maintain that the crucifixion was in either 30 or 33 AD because these two years contain a Friday that is reasonably close to the actual year of Yeshua’s Passover crucifixion.

The 457 BC to 27 AD scenario also happens to connect some other vital dots. Recall that the 70 weeks is divided into three parts; 49 sevens, 434 sevens and the final 7. Many commentators totally overlook the fact that the 49 sevens refer to the rebuilding of the city of Jerusalem. Two commentators who saw the importance were Uriah Smith, who I mentioned before (Daniel and the Revelation, page 201), and Prideaux. Prideaux said:

“In the fifteenth year of Darius Nothus ended the first seven weeks of Daniels Prophecy. For then the restoration of the church and state of the Jews in Jerusalem and Judea was fully finished, in that last act of reformation which is recorded in the thirteenth chapter, from the twenty-third verse to the end of the chapter, just forty-nine years after it had been commenced by Ezra in the seventh year of Artaxerxes Longimanus.” (Connexion, Vol. 1, page 322)

His 15th year was the 49th year from the 457 BC. decree.

I have been familiar with Herman Hoeh since I was a teenager. I met him once years ago. This is the only quote of his that I have used so far, but it was so on the mark that I could not pass it up:

Herman Hoeh’s Explanation of the Decree of Artaxerxes

“In recent years an abundance of documents from the era of Ezra and Nehemiah—business records giving exact dates according to the Persian, Egyptian and Jewish calendars, and astronomical tablets recording eclipse cycles in the years of kings—have been translated. These records continue fundamentally to corroborate the chronological table of Persian kings recorded in Ptolemy’s canon.

“Records, preserved in world-famous American and foreign libraries, have been found that were written in the very month that Artaxerxes—under whose reign the decree was issued came to power. The death of Xerxes occurred in late December 465 B.C. and his son, Artaxerxes, came to throne in that month.

“According to the Persian spring-to-spring reckoning of regnal years—as these business documents clearly show—Artaxerxes’ first year extended from April 464 to April 463 B.C. These same business documents show that the Jewish autumn-to-autumn mode of reckoning, placed the first year of Artaxerxes from September 464 to September 463 B.C. The period of time from the day the new king ascended the throne to the first year of his reign was called his ACCESSION YEAR and was regarded as completing the last regnal year of the previous king.

“The astronomical tablets containing over a dozen precise records of eclipses prove that the first year of Artaxerxes, according to the Jewish reckoning, was from 464 to 463 B.C. You may verify these facts in any of the latest thorough books on archeology.

The seventh year of Artaxerxes-the year in which he issued his decree (Ezra 7:8)—would extend from about September 458 BC to September 457 BC.

“From the first month to the fifth month of God’s calendar-from the latter part of March to the latter part of July, 457 BC—Ezra journeyed to Judaea in the seventh year of Artaxerxes at which time the decree went forth to build Jerusalem as the capital of the revised Jewish nation.

“And just 483 years later would bring us to the autumn of AD 27—the year when the Messiah would appear.

“Although the date of the issuance of this decree is well established from astronomy, dozens of business documents, and the Canon of Ptolemy, historians sometimes misinterpret the facts to suit their pet theories. Then theologians quote from whatever historical sources suit them in order to change the true date for the beginning of Christ’s ministry.

“But the true date [of the critical decree]—457 B.C.—is absolutely fixed by the most accurate records of history written at that very time.” BIBARCH™ — The Premier Biblical Archeology Website

Summary of The Many Ways To Miscalculate The First 69 “Weeks”

Wrong Beginning Years

520 BC: Darius’ decree confirming Cyrus’ decree.

538 BC: Cyrus, King of Persia’s decree to Zerubbabel to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-3; and Ezra 6:1-5).

445 BC: Artaxerxes’s decree to Nehemiah to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 2:1-8).

Wrong Ending Years

15 AD
28 AD
30 AD
32 AD
33 AD
34 AD

The Final “Week”

Daniel’s prophecy ends with a distinctive seventieth “week” of years, or as we have seen a seventieth seven year period. The prophecy states that after the death of the Messiah and at a point after the destruction of Jerusalem, that “the prince who is to come” will sign a “covenant” with the “many people”. The Hebrew wording is that the Abominator will literally “cut a deal” with the Temple builders.

This will be yet another “Middle east peace treaty”. There are certain to be many TV cameras focused on this live broadcast to the nations. You may ask why Yehovah’s people would sign a “covenant” with the Devil. My first thought was that this must mean something else, and indeed we must not ally ourselves with the wicked. However, a peace treaty is between two enemies, not between allies. The Witnesses pledge not to fight with the Beast so long as he leaves Israel alone. They know that treaties have a very short shelf life and that this one will only buy them 3.5 years before the Beast’s promises become worth less than the paper they are written on, yet 3.5 years is all they need.

You may wonder why the radical Muslim leaders of the next generation will agree to sign any kind of a treaty involving the Jewish people (and Two peculiar Witnesses) that forfeits Jerusalem at the Beast’s request. Strangely, all of the players in this end time performance will most certainly be aware of this prophesied event. That any participant would be ignorant of this amazing prophecy is inconceivable. The fascinating part of this prophecy is that the Abominator and his cronies will know that the Temple builders will sign onto the deal (knowing for certain that they have read the book), but Satan must think that he will come out on top in the end and so will his pawns. The radical factions of the Muslims will believe that they are setting a trap for all of those crazy Zionists. I wouldn’t be surprised if the Arab sector will intend to evacuate as part of the deal with the “secret” plan being to set off a neutron bomb in Jerusalem, destroying all of the Zionists in one fell swoop, while leaving all of the buildings intact. Those of us who know the last minute escape plan will not be afraid to occupy Jerusalem; however how many non believers would stick around after hearing the rumors about the bomb and knowing that the radicals surely had a plan to drive Israel into—if not the sea, then perhaps into the ground?

Zechariah 14:3-8 Then Yehovah [the Son] will go out and wage war against those nations, as He previously fought in battle. 4 And in that day His [Yeshua (Jesus’)] feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem. And the Mount of Olives will be split in two, from east to west, forming a very large valley, [Elohim is on Mt. Zion, Isaiah 10:12] so that half of the mountain will move toward the north and the other half toward the south. 5 You’ll flee by My mountain valley, because My mountain valley will reach to Azel. Yes, you’ll flee just like you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Yehovah my Elohim will come, and all of the kadosh ones with Him. 6 When that day comes there won’t be light, cold or frost. 7 It will be the unique day that Yehovah makes Himself known {niphal}, neither day or night, but then when evening comes it will still be light [2]. 8 When that day comes living water will flow out from Jerusalem, half toward the eastern sea, and half toward the western sea, continuously in summer and winter.

[2] While this is a unique day, there was a similar day, the one mentioned in verse 5, in king Uzziah’s reign. It also had an eclipse and an enormous earthquake.

This covenant, in fact, provides the opportunity for the Two Witnesses to begin their work just after John was told to “measure the [third] Temple” as described in Revelation. I recently counted 29 references to “measuring” in Ezekiel 40-42. This is where you must look to understand the otherwise enigmatic measuring promised in Revelation. The measuring is quite relevant to the dimensions of the Temple’s construction (the blueprint stage?)

Revelation 11:1-3 Then I, John, was given a measuring reed like a staff, and the messenger stood and said, “Get up and measure the Temple of YHVH and the altar and those who worship there. 2 But don’t measure the courtyard outside of the Temple. Leave it out, because it has been given to the heathens, and they’ll trample the kadosh city underfoot for forty-two months. 3 I’ll commission My Two Witnesses. They’ll prophesy for 1,260 days, wearing sackcloth.

Also note in the Revelation quote above that the Witnesses commission follows the measuring of the “altar”, which is built separately from and literally “faces”, that is, is in front of the Temple.

Ezekiel 40:47 He measured the courtyard and it was square, one hundred cubits long, and a hundred cubits broad, and the altar was in front of the Temple.

The altar may be the first article placed on the Temple grounds. This would allow ze’bakim (sacrifices) to begin immediately. The resumption of zebakim will begin after almost 2000 years of absence. The altar could simply be offloaded from a truck to begin the 1,260 days.

Ezekiel 43:18 Then he told me, “Human son, this is what the Sovereign Yehovah says: These are the ordinances for the altar, on the day when it is built for offering burnt offerings and sprinkling blood on.

This time future tense was used.

The Old Covenant, that Paul thought would vanish away in his lifetime—with Yeshua’s “Second Coming” and a New Covenant with Israel, will finally be completed in our lifetime. The implication of Hebrews 8 is that the Old Covenant did not vanish when Yeshua was killed as so many believe.

Hebrews 8:13 When He [Yeshua] mentioned the New Covenant, He was ‘declaring’ that the first one was obsolete and about to be repealed, and what was obsolete and failing will soon disappear.

Finally, did you notice that the people themselves are to be measured at or before the arrival of the Two Witnesses? It is time to “measure” the stature of people’s character! But there is one element of the Temple that must await measurement. The “nations” will apparently still have possession of the “court that is outside of the Temple”. That would particularly include the Dome of the Rock, that may be right next to the new Temple site.

2 Thessalonians 2 explains that Daniel’s “prince who is to come” is synonymous with “the lawless one” and “the son of destruction”, more popularly known as the “Antichrist”. This passage expands upon the statements in Daniel about the Third Temple.

2 Thessalonians 2:3-12 Don’t let anyone deceive you with some scheme, because that Day won’t come prior to the apostasy [Gr. apostasia] and a certain man of lawlessness appears—the son of destruction. 4 He is an adversary who exalts himself above every so-called “god” and anything religiously venerated. He’ll sit in YHVH’s Temple and “prove” that he is YHVH. 5 Don’t you remember that when I was with you, I told you these things? 6 And now you know what is holding him back, so that he’ll appear at the right time. 7 Mystic Torah breakers are already at work, but they are only being held back for now, until the one restraining them is taken out of the way. 8 Then finally THE Torah breaker [Gr. anomos] will arrive, who our Master Yeshua will terminate ‘with a single breath’ at His return. 9 His coming is by the supernatural work of Satan, with great power, miracles and deceitful illusions, 10 using every kind of lawlessness action to deceive those who are dying, because they refused to love the truth that could Rescue them. 11 This is why YHVH will send the superhuman power of deception to them, so that they may believe the lie. 12 Then anyone who refuses to believe the truth and delights in injustice will be summoned for judgment.

The Beast will go from being a “prince” to a “king”. (They do that.) He will eventually enter the new Third Temple and declare that he is God himself. He will halt the Temple zebakim and erect “an abomination of desolation”, likely an idol in his own image.

Daniel 11:36-39 The king will do whatever he wants to, he’ll exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and say astonishing things against the El [God] of elim [elohim], and he’ll succeed until the wrath is finished, because what has been determined must be done. 37 He won’t take into consideration the gods of his ancestors, or the desire of women [or desire wives?], or regard any other god, because he’ll consider himself greater than any of these. 38 Instead of these he’ll honor the god of fortresses, and he’ll honor a god that his ancestors never knew, honoring him with gold, silver, precious stones, and costly gifts. 39 He’ll deal with the strongest fortresses ‘claiming’ the help of a foreign god, greatly honoring those who acknowledge him. He’ll make them to rule over many people, and divide the land for a price.

The book of Revelation states that the Messiah will return to earth 3½ years after the Abominator desolates the third Temple:

Revelation 13:4-5 They worshiped the Dragon because he had given authority to this predatory beast, and they said, “Who is like the predatory beast, and who can wage war with him?” 5 He was given a mouth to make ‘bold’ and blasphemous statements, and he was given authority to operate for forty-two months.

It is my hope that if you have a better understanding of Yehovah’s time line that you will strive all the more to endure to the end! If you wonder what you might do when the end times come, you may want to consider reading New Jerusalem, a Place of Safety!—Where Will You Be During the Great Tribulation?

The following graph illustrates part of the first 483 years (69 “sevens”) of the countdown. Ten row spacing allows for easy counting of the dates. Since this is the modern Gregorian calendar rather than a Biblical calendar, each actual Biblical year begins several months into one Gregorian year and it ends in the next Gregorian year; so each Biblical year “straddles” two Gregorian years. The first number in each cell is the Gregorian year and the second number is the year into the 490 year countdown. Some months excluded from the count in the year 457 BC are included in early part of 27 AD, to round out the count. Historic sabbaticals are said to be sabbaticals by some sources.

 Purple years are Jubilee years 
   Green years are 70th years   
 Blue: Historic Sabbatical years
     Tan years are AD years      
   Yellow years are BC years   


208  250 207  251 206  252 205  253 204  254 203  255 202  256 201  257 200  258 199  259 
198  260 197  261 196  262 195  263 194  264 193  265 192  266 191  267 190  268 189  269
188  270 187  271 186  272 185  273 184  274 183  275 182  276 181  277 180  278 179  279
178     280 70th 177  281 176  282 175  283 174  284  Jubilee 173  285 172  286 171  287 170  288 169  289
168  290 167  291 166  292 165  293 164  294 163  295 162  296 161 297 160  298 159  299
158  300 157  301 156  302 155  303 154  304 153  305 152  306 151 307 150  308 149  309
148 310 147  311 146  312 145  313 144  314 143  315 142  316 141 317 140  318 139  319
138  320 137  321 136  322 135  323 Historic Sabbatical 134  324 133  325 132  326 131 327 130  328 129  329
128  330 127  331 126  332 125  333 124  334 Jubilee 123  335 122  336 121  337 120  338 119  339
118  340 117  341 116  342 115  343 114  344 113  345 112  346 111  347 110  348 109  349
108  350 70th 107  351 106  352 105  353 104  354 103  355 102  356 101  357 100  358 99  359
98  360 97  361 96  362 95  363 94  364 93  365 92  366 91  367 90  368 89  369
88  370 87  371 86  372 85  373 84  374 83  375 82  376 81  377 80  378 79  379
78  380 77  381 76  382 75  383 74  384 Jubilee 73  385 72  386 71  387 70  388 69  389
68  390 67  391 66  392 65  393 64  394 63  395 62  396 61  397 60  398 59  399
58  400 57  401 56  402 55  403 54  404 53  405 52  406   51  407 50  408 49  409
48  410 47  411 46  412 45  413 44  414 43  415 42  416 41  417 40  418 39  419
38  420 70th 37  421 & Historic Sabbatical 36  422  35  423 34  424 33  425 32  426 31  427 30  428  29  429
28  430 27  431 26  432 25  433 24 434 Jubilee 23  435   22  436 21  437 20  438 19  439
18  440 17  441 16  442 15  443 14  444 13  445 12  446 11  447 10  448 9    449
8 BC  450 7    451 6    452 5    453 4    454 3    455 2    456 1 BC  457 1 AD  458 2    459


3 AD   460 4    461 5    462 6    463 7    464 8    465 9    466 10  467 11  468 12  469
13  470 14  471 15  472 16  473 17  474 18  475 19  476 20  477 21  478 22  479
23  480 24  481 25  482 26  483 

End of 483 Days

27 AD  Yeshua’s ministry begins “fall”. Baptism

28 AD   Ministry and Jubilee 29 AD Ministry 30 Ministry includes 3 Gregorian years & parts of 2 other years

31 AD: Crucifixion, 3.5 yrs after beginning of Yeshua’s Ministry


33 AD, tentative Year 490, Plan A 70th Year

34 AD 70th year 35 36 37 38 39 40 69  Historic Sabbatical 42
43 44 45 46 47 48 Presumed Sabbatical 49  50 51 52
53 54 55 Presumed Sabbatical 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 Presumed Sabbatical
63 64 65 66 67 68 69  Historic Sabbatical 70 71 72
73 74 75 76 77 Jubilee 78 79 80 81 82

Yeshua’s ministry begins in the “fall” of 27 AD with His Baptism

Ministry includes 3 Gregorian years & and parts of 2 other years

31 AD: Crucifixion, 3.5 yrs after the beginning of Yeshua’s Ministry

33 AD 490 Plan “A” 70th Year

Other Events of Chronological Importance

During the time of Yeshua, and before, the recording of historical dates was cumbersome. Significant years were remembered by counting years from the beginning of a king’s reign. Every time a new king came into office the count started over again. The creation of a continuous calendar, dating from the supposed year of the birth of Yeshua—the BC and AD calendar—greatly simplified chronology from its implementation onward. The BCE and CE references of recent years are an attempt to delete Yeshua from the calendar, yet it was to Him that logical chronology was dedicated.

The End
Lon Martin

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