The Testimony of Yeshua
Commissioned to Bring Obedience
Romans 1: From
Paul, a servant
) Messiah, invited
, sent with orders
and dedicated to
the Good News of Yehovah
2 that He had promised long ago thru
His Prophets in the kadish
3 concerning His Son Yeshua, who was born a physical descendant of David’s family.
4 He was acknowledged by His Resurrection to be the Son of YHVH, by power and by the kadosh spirit
, when He arose from the dead—Yeshua Messiah, our Master.
5 We have received His compassion
and have been commissioned
to bring about obedience
to the faith in His name in every nation.
6 You are also among those invited by Yeshua Messiah.
7 To everyone in Rome, loved by YHVH
, and invited to be
faithful. May the peace and compassion of YHVH our Father and our Master Yeshua Messiah be yours.
8 In the first place, I give thanks to my Aloha thru Yeshua Messiah on behalf of you all, because your faith is heard of thruout the world.
9 YHVH, who I serve with my spirit in spreading
the Good News
] of His Son, attests to how constantly I mention you in my prayers.
10 And I pray that an opportunity will be opened for me by the good will of YHVH to visit you.
11 I’m longing to see you, to give you the gift of the spirit
[Gr. charisma], so that you can be established
12 and comforted together by our mutual faith.
, I want you to know that I have often wanted to come to you, (tho I’ve been hindered so far) so that I can reap a harvest in your vicinity, as has happened among the other ethnicities
Duty Bound to Spread the Good News
14 I’m duty bound to everyone, Arameans
” [Gr. barbaros], the literate
and the illiterate,
15 to spread the Good News to them
. I’m also eager to bring the Good News to everyone in Rome.
16 I’m not ashamed of the Good News, because it is the power of YHVH that leads to eternal Life
for everyone who believes in Him, whether to the Jews first, or to every other ethnicity,
17 because in it the righteousness of YHVH is revealed, from faith to faith, as the Scriptures say, “The righteous will live by faith.”
18 YHVH’s anger is revealed from Heaven against all the unrighteousness and depravity of people who suppress the truth by their wickedness.
19 An awareness of YHVH has been revealed to them, because YHVH has revealed it to them.
20 The invisible attributes of Aloha
] have been visible to the intellect since the creation of the cosmos
[Gr. kosmos], because the physical creation reveals
His eternal power as a Supreme Being
, leaving them no excuse
21 They have 
some knowledge of YHVH, but they don’t praise Him or appreciate His Transcendence
, but have ‘accepted’ moronic
[Gr. moraino] theories
until their minds are darkened—void of understanding.
22 While they claim to be sophisticated philosophers and orators
[Gr. sophos], they are morons.
23 They exchange the magnificence of the immortal
Aloha for images in the likeness of mortal human beings and images of birds and mammals and reptiles on the earth. 
24 This is why YHVH has ‘abandoned’ them and the filthy cravings of their minds, so they could dishonor their own bodies between themselves.
25 They exchange the truth of YHVH for lies, and worship and serve the creation
rather than the Creator, who will be praised for uninterrupted aeons
[Gr. aion]. Aw-main
26 That’s why YHVH allows their diseases of disgrace 
, since even their women exchange their natural sexual passions
for unnatural ones.
27 Similarly, their men abandon their natural sexual passion for women, and burn with cravings for each other, men committing shameful naked acts
with other men, and experiencing a personal penalty
for their perversion
28 And since they don’t see fit to acknowledge
YHVH, YHVH has ‘abandoned’ them to their counterfeit mentality
, bent on doing what they shouldn’t.
29 They are full of every kind of wickedness, illicit sexual intercourse
, bitterness, hatred and covetousness
, envy, murder, strife, deceit and depraved thoughts.
30 They slander, they hate YHVH, they
vilify, they’re arrogant pretenders
who invent new forms of sin, destitute of reason, disregarding their parents,
31 promise breakers, lacking natural affection, without peace and totally merciless.
32 Altho they know YHVH’s judgment, and that they deserve to die, they not only do these things anyway
, but befriend others who do them.
 The situation described in the following verses should not be considered as being in the past, the situation hasn’t improved since the first century. The Greek aorist tense has no direct English equivalent, but there is a smattering of present tense renderings thru the last 12 verses. Every version I looked at “optimistically” translates the following verses in the past tense.
 The idolatry of verse 23, particularly in the context of vs. 20-22, has strong parallels with the theory of evolution.
 See why this refers to diseases rather than “vile passions”. Keyword: compassion.
People Who Judge Will be Judged
So people have no excus
when they pass judgments
against their fellow man because by judging your fellow man, you pass judgment against
yourself, because those of you who judge them have reverted 
to your old ways.
2 We understand that YHVH’s judgment is objective
regarding those who revert to committing such things.
3 How do you reconcile
passing judgment against those who practice such things, when you have reverted to committing them yourself? Do you think you’ll escape YHVH’s judgment?
4 Do you scorn the wealth of His integrity, His tolerance and the opportunity that He is giving you? Don’t you know that YHVH’s compassion should lead you to change the way you think and act
5 But because of the stubbornness of your unchanging
minds, you are hoarding a cache of punishment
for the day of punishment, when YHVH’s righteous judgment will be revealed.
6 He’ll compensate
everyone in direct proportion with their behavior
7 Those who persevere in good behavior, and search out
praise, honor and immortality, He will give eternal Life,
8 but for those who are self-promoting partisans seeking control
, refusing to uphold
the truth, and who are persuaded
to violate the truth, there will be passionate anger and fury.
9 Tribulation and extreme suffering is reserved
for everyone who is evil, starting with
the Jews, but also every other ethnicity
10 Yet praise, honor and peace of mind
is granted to everyone who is a good servant
, beginning with the Jews, but also ever other ethnicity.
11 YHVH does not show partiality
The Ignorant Are Their own Torah
12 Anyone who sins without the Torah
will also die without the Torah. When anyone wanders from the Torah of YHVH
, their judgment will be determined
by the Torah
13 It’s not those who hear the Torah who YHVH deems righteous
, rather, those who obey
the Torah will be deemed righteous
14 When people of other ethnicities who don’t have the Torah instinctively
do what the Torah requires, they, while not upholding
the Torah, are essentially
their own Torah 
15 They demonstrate the behaviors
associated with the Torah because it is written in their ‘hearts’ 
, while their consciences also bear witness. The decisions of their conscience
a legal accusation or a legal defense excusing
16 on Judgment
Day, when YHVH, thru Yeshua Messiah, will judge the secret behavior
of humanity, as My Good News declares
17 But if you call yourselves Jews, and rely on the Torah, and boast about belonging to
18 because you know what He wants, and discern the distinctions between good and evil
because you have heard the instructions
of the Torah,
19 and you are convinced that you can guide the blind and be a light for those who are in spiritual
20 and teach the ignorant, and teach the young, and appear to be knowledgeable of and objective about the Torah—
21 then as you teach others, don’t you teach yourselves? You who publicly proclaim that people must not steal, do you steal?
22 You who say, “People must not commit adultery”, do you commit adultery? And you who abhor the stench of idols
, do you plunder their churches 
23 You who are exuberant about the Torah, does your violating the Torah
insult YHVH Himself?
24 YHVH’s name is blasphemed by every ethnicity because of you, just as it is written!
25 Circumcision is truly advantageous if you live by Torah, but if you are a Torah breaker, you are essentially
a circumcised heathen
26 If some of the
uncircumcised take care not to violate
the Commandments of the Torah, wouldn’t these uncircumcised be regarded
27 Won’t the uncircumcised who by their own natural strength are essentially living by
the Torah condemn those of
you who even with the Torah and the rite of circumcision still
violate the Torah?
28 No one is a Jew who is merely one outwardly, nor is true circumcision visible in the flesh.
29 A man is only a Jew if he is one inwardly, whose circumcision is in his mind, by the spirit, not by the letter, whose commendation isn’t from men, but from YHVH.
 See why the word “revert” should be used in verses 1-3. Keyword revert.
 The topic of how the “unconverted” are judged on Judgment Day based on this chapter is covered in Are the “Unsaved” Lost?.
 This compares the Judgment Day of those in total ignorance, to those who were prophesied to have the New Covenant: “I’ll put My Torah in the very seat of their thoughts and emotions, and I’ll write it onto their minds” (Jeremiah 31:32)
 The Greek word “Hierosuleo” is translated as “to rob a temple”. Yet the root word, “hierosulos” is accurately translated as “robber of the churches”. This is in agreement with William Tyndale’s use of the word “church”—a word that he only used in reference to a pagan temple!
Romans 3: So then, what advantage is there in being Jewish? What value is there in being circumcised?
2 Much in every way! Primarily because they were entrusted with the Words  of YHVH.
3 If some of them didn’t believe, have they by their unbelief nullified YHVH’s faith?
4 Certainly not! YHVH will be proven truthful even if everyone else is a liar, as the Scriptures say, “So that You can be deemed righteous
in Your words and triumph when they judge You.”
5 But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of YHVH, what will we say? Is YHVH unrighteous when He inflicts punishment? (Speaking from a human perspective.)
6 Certainly not! Otherwise how will YHVH judge the world?
7 But if the truth of YHVH has been furthered by a falsehood of mine, to His majesty then why am I still being condemned as a sinner?
8 Or should we confirm the claim, (that some have blasphemously claimed that we say), “We will do evil things so that good things will result?” The condemnation of those who would argue this is just!
Not One Person is Righteous
9 What then, are we superior? Not at all. We have already established that both Jews and Arameans are under sin!
10 As the Scriptures say, “Not one person
is righteous, not even one.”
11 No one understands, no one searches for
12 They’ve all strayed from the path en masse and degenerated. None of them does good—not even one.
13 Their throats are like open graves and their tongues are used to deceive. The venom of the asp is ‘on’ their lips.
14 Their mouths are full of cursing and bitterness.
15 Their foot soldiers 
are swift to shed blood.
16 Destruction and misery are the road they travel
17 They don’t know the road to peace.
18 They see no reason to fear YHVH.
19 Yet we know that whatever the Torah says also applies to those who are obeying sectarian law
, so that every mouth will be silenced and so that the whole world will be liable for punishment
20 So no one is justified by practicing the Torah in His sight—yet the Torah reveals what sin is!
21 But now the righteousness of YHVH is revealed without the Torah, and the Torah and the Prophets confirm
22 The righteousness of YHVH by faith in Yeshua Messiah is for everyone and on everyone who believes in Him. No distinction is made,
23 because everyone has sinned and fallen short of YHVH’s magnificence.
24 We are rendered righteous freely by His compassion thru the redemption that is in Yeshua Messiah—
25 who YHVH has predetermined to be an appeasing ze’bak [sacrifice]
thru faith in His blood, due to our past sins.
26 We have an opportunity because YHVH, who in His patience gave us a demonstration of His righteousness, ‘because He is’ righteous, and so people who have the faith of our Master Yeshua Messiah could become righteous.
27 Can we brag? Bragging is eliminated. By what law, by obeying sectarian law
? No, but by the Torah of faith.
28 So we conclude that people can be made righteous
without being under sectarian law
29 Is He the Aloha of the Jews only, and not of every other ethnicity? Most certainly every ethnicity,
30 since there is one Aloha who justifies the circumcised by faith, and the uncircumcised by the same faith.
31 Then do we abolish
the Torah by faith? Absolutely not. On the contrary, we uphold or sustain the authority
of the Torah.
 “Oracles” is a common mistranslation of the Greek logion, a word related to logos (word), that simply refers to the Scriptures here. Oracles are words “inspired by the gods. As such it is a form of divination”—Wikipedia. Divination is condemned in Deuteronomy 18:10.
 See why this says “foot soldiers” Keywords “foot soldiers”.
Abraham Became Righteous by Faith
So what should we say about the patriarch Abraham, did he obtain anything by the flesh [circumcision]?
2 If Abraham was made righteous
by his actions, he had grounds for
bragging, yet not before YHVH.
3 What do the Scriptures say? That “Abraham believed YHVH, and it was credited to him as righteousness”.”
4 Yet when someone works, their
compensation isn’t considered to be a favor but an obligation.
5 Yet for the person who doesn’t earn by work, but only believes in the One who makes sinners righteous, their faith is credited as righteousness.
6 David also spoke about the blessings of the person who YHVH credits [or accounts: commentary
] as righteous apart from
said, “Blessed are those whose violations of the Torah
[lawlessness] are forgiven, and whose sins
8 and, “Blessed are those whose sins
YHVH will not take into account
9 So is this declaration of being blessed only
for the circumcised 
, or for the uncircumcised? We say that Abraham’s faith was credited to him as righteousness.
10 So when was it credited to him? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised.
11 He received circumcision as a distinguishing sign and seal of the righteousness of his faith that he had
prior to his being circumcised, so that he could become the father of every uncircumcised man
who believes, so that they to can be counted among
12 He was the ancestor of the circumcised, and not only to those who were circumcised, but also to those who are following in the footsteps of the faith that our ancestor Abraham had prior to his circumcision.
13 The promise to Abraham and to his descendants that he would inherit the world was not by the Torah, but thru the righteousness of his faith.
14 If only those who ‘were given’ the Torah are heirs, then faith would be useless and the promise 
15 The Torah brings about legal punishments, and where no Torah exists, there can be no Torah violations.
Justified By Faith
16 So the promise is based on faith. Our justification is a matter of compassion. The promise is guaranteed to all of his descendants, not just for those who ‘were given’ the Torah, but also for those who share the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all.
17 As the Scriptures say, “I have established you as the founding father of a commonwealth of nations” in the presence of YHVH, who you have believed in, who restores the dead to life and refers to things that don’t exist yet as if they did.
18 Under hopeless circumstances he expected to become the founding
father of a commonwealth of nations, (as the Scriptures say, “You will have many
19 Without becoming weak in faith, even considering his nearly dead body (because he was a hundred years old), and Sarah’s infertility.
20 He didn’t doubt YHVH’s promise, as someone lacking faith, but he was strong in faith, and praised YHVH,
21 and was convinced that YHVH was able to bring about what He had promised.
22 This is why “it was credited to him as righteousness.”
23 That his faith was “credited to him as righteousness” was not written for his sake alone,
24 but also for us, because we will also be credited as righteous, we who believe in the One who raised our Master Yeshua Messiah from the dead.
25 He was condemned to death
because of our sins and was raised to life
so that He could declare us free from guilt
 Does this mean that Torah observance is unnecessary? Long story short, James 2:21 says, “Wasn’t Abraham our ancestor made righteous by works in offering his son Isaac on the altar?” There is a relationship between belief and works. James continues in verse 17, “So faith alone, without works, is dead.”... 22 “Dont you see that his faith was aided by his works, and that by works his faith was made complete?”... 24 “So you see that people are declared to be righteous by works, and not by faith alone.”
 Circumcision is a sign for Israelites, and those purchased by Israelites. (Genesis 17:9-15).
 Genesis 18:18 says, “since Abraham will surely become an important and innumerable nation, and every nation on earth will be blessed because of him?”
Trials Produce Patience
So because we have been made righteous by faith, we have peace with YHVH, thru our Master Yeshua Messiah.
2 Thru Him we have gained access by faith into this favor, so that we can stand and rejoice in the compassion
of the magnificence of YHVH.
3 Not only that, but we also rejoice in our trials, because we know that trials produce patience,
4 and patience, experience, and experience, hope.
5 Expectation doesn’t shame us because the love of YHVH is diffused in our minds by the kadosh spirit that [not who]
has been given to us.
Messiah Died For the Wicked
6 In our time, because of our weakness, Messiah died for the wicked.
7 Rarely would someone die for the wicked 
, tho for the righteous, some would dare to die.
8 But YHVH demonstrated His love for us by the fact that Messiah died for us while we were sinners.
9 How much more will He Rescue us from wrath, now that we’re being made righteous by His blood?
10 If when we were adversaries, we were reconciled to YHVH by the death of His Son, how much more then in reconciliation with Him will we be Rescued
by His Life?
11 Not only this, but we also rejoice in YHVH, thru our Master Yeshua Messiah, because we have now obtained reconciliation thru Him.
12 So, just as sin entered the world thru one man, and death thru sin, now death is passed on to all of humanity, because we have all sinned.
13 Prior to when the Torah was written
, sin was in the world, tho no record was entered on our account
because there was no Torah.
14 Yet death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in any way, like the deliberate transgression of the Torah [instruction
] by Adam, who was the pattern
of the One who was to come.
15 But the pardoning of sin
isn’t like the fall from righteousness
, because if many died due to the fall of one, how much more will the compassion of YHVH and His pardoning of sin overflow for many
, because of one Man—Yeshua Messiah?
16 The effect of the pardoning of sin has a far greater effect than that of the one who sinned. The judgment of the one offense
led to condemnation, but the unmerited pardon leading to life deems us righteous
17 If, because of the offense of one individual
, death reigned, how much more will those who receive the abundance of His
compassion and the pardoning of sin and righteousness reign as kings
in Life by means of one Man
18 So, as a result of the offense of one man, condemnation reached everyone, but because of the righteousness of one Man, acquittal will be offered leading to Life for everyone.
19 Because of the disobedience of one man, many became sinners, but because of the obedience of one Man, many become righteous.
20 When the Torah was given, sin increased, and when sin increased, compassion increased even more.
21 As sin reigned, bringing death, compassion can reign in righteousness, bringing eternal Life thru our Master Yeshua Messiah.
 See why it should say “wicked” rather than “righteous”! Key words “hardly die”
Immersion Symbolizes Death
What should we conclude? Should we continue to sin so that compassion can increase?
2 Absolutely not. If we’re people who died to sin, how can we still live in it?
3 Or don’t you know that all of us who have been immersed
into Yeshua Messiah have been immersed into His death?
4 So thru our immersion we were buried with Him in death, so that just as Yeshua Messiah arose from the dead into the splendor of His Father, we too should live a new kind of life.
5 If we have been “planted” together 
with Him, in a way resembling
His death, then we will also be resurrected as He was.
6 We know that the old ‘us’ was crucified with Him so that the corpse of sin could be eliminated—that way we’re no longer servants to sin.
7 Anyone who has died is set free from sin.
8 So then, if we’re dead with the Messiah, we believe that we will live with the Messiah.
9 We know that Messiah rose from the dead, and will never die. Death no longer has any power over Him.
10 When He died, He died once to annul sin’s power, and in living He lives for YHVH.
11 So you should also consider yourselves dead in regard
to sin, and alive to YHVH, thru our Master Yeshua Messiah.
12 So don’t allow sin to reign in your mortal body, so that you give in to its lusts.
13 And don’t allow any part of your body to be an instrument of sin, but present yourselves to YHVH, as if you have already been raised from the dead, and allow every part of your body to be an instrument for the righteousness of YHVH.
14 Sin won’t have dominion over you, because you aren’t under sectarian law
, but under compassion.
15 So should we sin because we aren’t under sectarian law, but under compassion? Absolutely not.
16 Don’t you know that if you offer yourselves to someone as bondservants, you serve him as his servants, whether it is of sin or whether it is of righteousness ?
17 17 But thanks to YHVH, you who were once the servants of sin are now deeply dedicated to the form of doctrine that you were entrusted with.
18 When you were liberated from sin, you became the servants of righteousness.
Eternal Life is a Gift
19 I am speaking to you in secular terms because of your weakness and carnality. As you once
surrendered your bodies to impure motives
without the Torah, so now present your bodies as servants of righteousness and dedication.
20 When you were the servants of sin, you were “unhindered” by righteousness.
21 What benefit did you get from the things that you are now ashamed of? Those things result in death.
22 But now that you have been liberated from sin, and have become servants of YHVH, you benefit by being set apart, and the end result
[aim or purpose] 
of that is everlasting Life!
23 The compensation for sin is death, but the gift of YHVH is eternal Life, thru our Master Yeshua Messiah.
 into a watery grave
 The Greek says, “either of sin resulting in death, or of obedience resulting in righteousness?”
 Just as in the Aramaic, the Greek word telos means “the last event or thing in a series of events”, or the “end result”, “aim” or “purpose.” Another place that this word is used is in chapter 10, verse 4–usually translated “Christ is the end of the Law.” Yet the Law [Torah] is no more ending than eternal life is ending. Similarly, “the end of the Lord”, in James 5:11, certainly doesn’t mean that YHVH will be terminated.
Friends, don’t you know (since I’m writing to those who know the Torah) that the Torah has authority over people as long as they live?
2 For example
, a woman is bound to her husband by the Torah as long as he is alive, but if her husband dies she is freed from the Torah concerning her husband.
3 If while her husband is alive, she appears in public
clinging to another man, she would be considered an adulteress, but if her husband dies she is freed from the Torah, relevant to marriage
, and would not be an adulteress, tho she is with 
4 Now Friends, you have also died in regard to the Torah via
the body of Messiah, so that you can belong to another [all one body] via a resurrection from the dead
and yield fruit for YHVH.
5 While we were ordinary sensuous beings, sinful emotions that are in violation of
the Torah were active in our members yielding the fruit of death.
6 But now we have inactivated
the death penalty of the
Torah and are dead to the things that seized us, so that we can serve in the newness of the spirit from now on, and not in the old mindset
of the letter.
Is the Torah Sinful?
7 So what should we say? Is the Torah sinful
? Absolutely not, because I would never have understood
what sin is without the Torah! I wouldn’t have understood
covetousness, if the Torah hadn’t said, “You must not covet.”
8 So because of the Commandment[s], sin strategically attacked
, and the result was every kind of lust, because without the Torah, sin is dead.
9 In the past, I had lived
without the Torah, but when I became familiar with
the Commandment[s], sin came to life and I died,
10 and I found that the Commandment[s] ‘that were intended to bring’ Life, ‘were leading’ to death.
11 Sin strategically attacked due to the Commandment[s], it seduced me and then killed me.
12 So the Torah is virtuous, and the Commandment[s] are virtuous and righteous and good!
13 Did something good kill me? Absolutely not! But sin resulted in my death so that it could be seen for what it is, by means of the virtuous Torah, so that sin could be even more condemned by the Commandment[s].
We Know That the Torah is Spiritual
14 We know that the Torah is spiritual, but I’m carnal and sold into the bondage
15 I don’t understand the things that I do, and what I want to do I don’t do. Instead, I do the things that I hate.
16 If I do what I don’t want to do, I admit that the Torah is right.
17 So it is no longer I doing those things, it is the sin that resides in me
18 I know that in me, that is in my mortal state, nothing good lives. I want to do good but I’m unable to carry it out.
19 I don’t do the good that I want to do. The bad that I don’t want to do is what I keep on doing.
20 If I do what I don’t want to do, I’m no longer the one who is doing it, but it is the sin that is living in me.
21 So I find it to be a principle [law] of conscience—when I want to do good, evil is always
22 I rejoice in YHVH’s Torah with my conscience
23 but I see another standard [law] in my body that wars against the standards of my conscience, and it makes me a captive to the standards of sin that exists in my members.
24 What a wretched man I am! Who will Rescue me from this body of death?
25 I thank YHVH, because of our Master Yeshua Messiah, I’ll be Rescued.
So in my conscience I truly serve
YHVH’s Torah, but in my mortal state, sin is the
law I serve.
 “Marriage”, used repeatedly in this context in other Bible versions, isn’t exactly the topic, fidelity is. The actual Greek word for marriage is “gameo”.
 When we see “nomos” (law) not preceded by “the”, in the Greek, it virtually always means a law other than the Torah, unless the context already makes it clear.
Yeshua’s Death and Ours
So there is no condemnation for those in Yeshua Messiah who aren’t guided
by human nature 
2 since the
Torah of the life-giving spirit, in Yeshua Messiah, has liberated you from the law of sin and death
3 For what the Torah was powerless to do, due to the weakness of mortals, YHVH did by sending His own Son, made like a sinful mortal because of our sins, so that in His mortal state He could condemn sin.
4 That way the righteous requirements of the Torah could be carried into effect
in us, since we’re not living like other
mortals, but by the spirit.
5 Sensuous mortals are only aware of the things pertaining to their earthly nature, but those who are spiritual contemplate spiritual things.
6 Having a mortal mindset leads to death, but a mind set on spiritual things leads to Life and peace.
7 Because a mind set on mortal things is in opposition to YHVH, because such a mind doesn’t subject itself to the Torah of Yehovah—its impossible.
8 Those who are mortal minded can’t please YHVH.
9 However you aren’t mortal minded
, but spirit minded
if the spirit of YHVH truly lives in you. Anyone who doesn’t have the spirit of the Messiah doesn’t belong to Him.
10 But if the Messiah is in you, your bodies are as good as
dead because of sin, yet your spirits are alive because of righteous thinking and behavior
11 If the spirit of the One who raised our Master Yeshua Messiah from the dead lives in you, then the One who raised our Master Yeshua Messiah from the dead will also revitalize
your mortal bodies by His spirit that lives in you.
Becoming Yehovah’s Children
12 Friends, we are indebted, but not to human nature. We don’t need to live by that nature.
13 If you live by your sinful nature, you’ll die. But if you put to death mortal practices by the spirit, you’ll live.
14 Those who are led by YHVH’s spirit are YHVH’s children
15 You haven’t received the spirit of bondage to fear again, but you have received the spirit of becoming children 
, so that we now cry “O Elohim, our Elohim.”
16 The spirit herself 
bears witness to our spirit that we’re YHVH’s children.
17 If we are
children, then we are
heirs, YHVH’s heirs and companion heirs
of the inheritance with Yeshua Messiah, so that if we suffer with Him we’ll also share His splendor.
18 I conclude that the sufferings of the present time can’t even be compared with the splendor that will be revealed in [not “to”] us.
19 The entire creation is hoping and waiting for the appearance
of YHVH’s children.
20 The creation was subjected to futility, not by its own choice, but because of the One who subjected it 
21 So the creation itself will be liberated from the bondage of corruption into the marvelous liberty of YHVH’s children.
22 We know that the entire creation is groaning and suffering in birth pains, up to the present time.
23 Not only the creation
, but also those of us having the firstfruit of the spirit also groan within ourselves, waiting anxiously to become His children, winning back
our bodies from sin
24 We live in anticipation. But anticipation that is seen isn’t anticipation, because if we saw it, how could we anticipate it?
25 But if we anticipate something unseen, we’re patiently awaiting it.
26 So the spirit also aids our weakness, because we don’t know what to pray for as we should, but the spirit itself intercedes for us with inexpressible sighs.
27 The explorer of our minds knows the thoughts of ‘our’ spirit and intercedes for the kadishea
] in harmony with YHVH’s will.
28 We know that He brings everything into synergy
[Gr. sunergeo], resulting in good for those who love YHVH, those who were predestined to be invited 
29 He knew ‘us’ in advance, indeed He predestined ‘us’ to be similar to His Son, so that He could be the firstborn [eldest] of many brothers.
30 Those who He predestined, He called by name
, and those He called by name, He declared free from guilt, and those He declared free from guilt, He will honor and make renowned
31 What should we say about this? If YHVH is
for us, who can be
32 If He didn’t spare His own Son, but gave Him up for all of us, then why wouldn’t He give us everything along with Him?
33 Who could bring an accusation against YHVH’s chosen? YHVH declares us free from guilt.
34 Who could condemn us? Messiah died and has arisen and is on the right hand side
of YHVH and personally intervenes
35 What could separate us from Messiah’s love? Could suffering or distress or persecution or famine or nakedness or danger or the sword?
36 The Scriptures say, “We die daily for Your sake and we’re thought of as sheep for the slaughter.”
37 In all of these things we’re victorious, because of the One who loved us.
38 I’m convinced that neither death nor life nor angels nor fallen arch angels
[arche] nor the powers that be
nor anything present nor anything in the future
39 nor height or depth nor anything else in all creation can separate us from the love of YHVH that is in our Master Yeshua Messiah.
 Many Greek texts add, “but after the spirit”.
 “Huiothesia” is a compound Greek word usually translated as “adoption”. But it is literally “huios” + “tithemi”, —“son making” or “children making”. He’s our Father, not our stepfather!
 “Likewise in Hebrew thought, Ruach Ha Kodesh was considered a voice sent from on high to speak to the Prophet. Thus, in the Old Testament language of the prophets, She is the [kadish] spirit of indwelling [purification] and creativity and is considered as having a feminine power. “He” as a reference to Spirit has been used in theology to match the pronoun for [Yah], yet the Hebrew word ruach is a noun of feminine gender [just as “she” is in Aramaic]. Thus, referring to the [kadish] spirit as “she” has some linguistic justification. Denoting Spirit as a feminine principle, the creative principle of life, makes sense ...”—J. J. Hurtak, PhD
 “The creation was made subject to vanity - Abuse, misery, and corruption. By him who subjected it - Namely, [Yehovah], Genesis 3:17, 5:29. Adam only made it liable to the sentence which [Yehovah] pronounced, yet not without hope.”—Wesley’s Notes
 As in Matthew 22:14, “Many guests are invited [Gr. kletos], but few have chosen to participate.”
ROMANS 9 continues here.
Compare the Testimony of Yeshua’s Version of Romans with the 1851 Murdock Translation of Romans, or compare it with the 1849 Etheridge Version of “The Testimony of Yeshua” (New Testament).
The Testimony of Yeshua was tweaked January 6, 2012