Chapter 19, Part 3 Preview: Revelation 7 describes a group of 144,000 Israelites and a great multitude. Could the great multitude be the same one described in the New Covenant chapters of Jeremiah 30 and 31)? Are they dead people brought back to life? Don’t be a victim of “Replacement Theology”!
Jeremiah 31:27-28 In days to come, says Yehovah, I’ll repopulate [sow] the ‘nation’ of Israel and the ‘nation’ of Judah with ‘descendants’, and with animals. 28 Just as I have overseen their uprooting and tearing down, their overthrow, destruction and disaster, so I will oversee their building and planting, says Yehovah.—The Gabriel Bible
Jeremiah 33:25-26 This is what Yehovah says: If I fail to keep My covenant with day and night and maintain the fixed laws of heaven and earth, 26 only then would I abandon the descendants of Jacob, and David My servant, and not make his descendants rulers over the offspring of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. I will return the captives to their land, and have mercy on them.”
First let’s read the only text on the Great Multitude found it the book of Revelation. But soon we’ll see that there are a lot of other texts about them. All I want to do here is identify them, and just very briefly describe their story. That story is the predominant theme of all of my books:
Revelation 7:9-17 After this I saw an enormous crowd of people that no one could count, from every people, nation, tribe and language. They were standing in front of the throne and the Lamb, wearing white robes, and they were holding palms in their hands. 10 They were shouting, “Eternal Life to YHVH, to the One who sits on the throne and to the Lamb!” 11 All the messengers stood around the throne with the Elders and the four living beings, and they bowed face down in front of His throne and worshiped YHVH, 12 and said, “Aw-main. Blessing and praise and wisdom and thanksgiving and honor and power and might be to YHVH forever and ever, Aw-main.’” 13 Then One of the Elders turned and asked me, “Who are these people wearing white robes, and where do they come from?” 14 I said, “Friend, you know”. He replied, “These are the ones who are coming out  of the Great Tribulation. They’ve washed their clothes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. 15 That’s why they are in front of the throne of YHVH, serving Him day and night in His Temple . And the One seated on the throne will ‘protect them under His shadow’ [Aramaic nageen alihun, ‘shadow over them’]. 16 They won’t hunger or thirst any more, nor will they be ‘overcome’ by the sun or burning heat, 17 because the Lamb who is in the center of the throne will feed them and lead them to springs of living water, and YHVH will wipe every tear from their eyes.”
 “The The verb form in the Greek for ‘come’ is in the present participle.” This being an ongoing process is a paradigm buster!  Ezekiel chapters 40-48 are all about the temple services during the Everlasting Kingdom, tho people don’t want to hear that. Ezekiel 47 is clearly the same time period as Revelation 21-22. The Levites, other than descendants of Zadok, are disqualified from serving in the future temple (Ezekiel 44:10-16.) Perhaps the 144,000 will take their place.
OK, now let’s compile a list of clues as to who they are, but there only appears to be one contender in this race!
Clue #1: The very first clue as to who comprises the Great Multitude (or enormous crowd) is that they are “an enormous crowd of people that no one could count”. There is a specific prophecy that identifies this crowd!
Clue #2: They are “the ones who are coming out of the Great Tribulation.”. This is another exodus! Revelation 7:14
Clue #3: They are “from every people, nation, tribe and language.” Revelation 7:9
Clue #4: “They were standing in front of the throne” Revelation 7:9
Clue #5: They are “holding palms” Revelation 7:9
Clue #6: They are praising Yehovah: “Blessing and praise and wisdom and thanksgiving...” Revelation 7:12
Clue #7: They are “wearing whirobes”te Revelation 7:13
Clue #8: “They’ve washed their clothes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.” Revelation 7:14
Clue #10: They are “serving Him day and night in His Temple” Revelation 7:15
Clue #11: They will need protection and, “the One seated on the throne will ‘protect them under His shadow’ [Aramaic: Nageen alihun, ‘shadow over them’].” Revelation 7:15
Clue #12: “They won’t hunger or thirst any more” Revelation 7:16
Clue #13: “Nor will they be ‘overcome’ by the sun or burning heat” Revelation 7:16
Clue #14: “YHVH will wipe every tear from their eyes.” Revelation 7:17
Clue #15: Yehovah will “lead them to springs of living water” Revelation 7:17
Clue #16: Yehovah will “lead them” Revelation 7:17
Scriptural match #1: Like John, Hosea identified an enormous crowd that also “cant be measured or numbered”. He identified this crowd as the descendants of Judah and Israel! Now you know who’s in the Great Multitude. When the multitudinous 12 tribes are gathered they will be “reunited” (v.11 below). This all happens just before “the Day of Jezreel, commonly called “the Battle of Armageddon”. (While the world’s armies gather in Armageddon, they actually fight in Jezreel, northward in the same valley. Jezreel happens to be the same location where Israel ceased to be a nation: Hosea 1:5, see Barnes notes). Now you know when, but there are many other clues!
Hosea 1:10-11 Yet the number of the people of Israel will be like the sand of the seashore that can’t be measured or numbered, and then, in the location where they were told, ‘You are not My people’, they’ll be called ‘sons of the living Elohim.” 11 The descendants of Judah and Israel will be reunited, and they’ll appoint a leader for themselves, and go up out of the land, because the Day of Jezreel will be profound.” [Jezreel is part of the same valley as Armageddon.]
John should have known who composed the multitude when he was asked, since it shouldn’t be a secret:
Scriptural match #2: The book of Micah blames the Day of Yehovah on Israel and Judah. The first quote establishes the context. The second quote explains that there will be a remnant of Israel coming out of the Great Tribulation—alive and gathered into one place:
Micah 1:2-5 Listen, all you nations. Pay attention, earth and everyone on it. The Sovereign Yeh-ho-vee [a variant] will witness against you, Yehovah from His kadosh Temple. 3 Yehovah is coming from His locality. He is going to come down and trample the high places of the earth. 4 The mountains will melt beneath Him, and the valleys split open, like wax near a fire, like water pouring down a slope. 5 All this is due to the apostasy of Jacob, and for the sins of the nation of Israel. What is the apostasy of Jacob? Isn’t it Samaria? And what is the high place of Judah? Isn’t it Jerusalem? 5 All this is for the disobedience of Jacob, and for the sins of the nation of Israel. What is the disobedience of Jacob? Isn’t it Samaria? And what are the high places of Judah? Aren’t they Jerusalem?
Micah 2:12 I will certainly gather all of you, Jacob, I’ll certainly gather the remnant of Israel, I’ll unite them together like sheep in a pen, like a flock in the middle of their pasture, a noisy multitude due to the number of people.
Notice that in the Greek, the “great multitude” or “enormous crowd” of people are “the ones who are coming out of The Great Tribulation” (7:14), as they gather before the throne. That all by itself would preclude them from being part of the instantaneous resurrection! They are still arriving before the throne from the north, south, east & west for initiation! Everyone assumes that they have all died, but none of them have, they are still being rounded up! The Online Bible differentiates the tenses more accurately than any English version, if you click on the paraphrased (numbers) in the KJV. This gathering being an ongoing process is a paradigm buster!
The time of Jacob’s Trouble is the Great Tribulation, but notice the focus on the gathering:
Jeremiah 30:7-11 That day will be terrible! There will never be another like it. It’s the time of Jacob’s trouble, but he’ll be saved [liberated] out of it. 8 At that time, says Yehovah the ‘Warrior’ King, I’ll break the yoke from your neck, and snap your chains. Foreigners will no longer enslave you. 9 They will serve Yehovah their Elohim, and David their king, who I’ll cause to arise for them. 10 So don’t be afraid, Jacob, My servant, says Yehovah. Don’t be dismayed, Israel, because I’ll rescue you from the distant lands, and your posterity from the land of captivity. Jacob will return, and have peace and security, and no one will frighten him. 11 I am with you to save you,” says Yehovah. “I’ll completely destroy all the nations where I’ve scattered you, but I won’t completely destroy you. I’ll discipline you in just measure, but I can’t let you go unpunished.
Isaiah also spoke about the survivors of the Great Tribulation against Israel assembling on the Kadosh mountain:
Isaiah 27:12-13 When that day comes, Yehovah will thresh [harvest] from the Euphrates river valley to the Nile * of Egypt. You Israelites will be gleaned one by one. 13 Also during that day the great shofar will sound, and those who were dying in the land of Assyria and those who were banished to the land of Egypt will come and worship Yehovah on the Kadosh Mountain in Jerusalem.
Scriptural match #3: They are “from every people, nation, tribe and language.” Jeremiah 31 is a parallel chapter about the “great multitude”, (and coming as no surprise), it’s the New Covenant chapter:
Jeremiah 31:8 I’ll bring them from the North Country, and gather them from the farthest parts of the earth. Blind and lame people will return as well as expectant mothers and women in labor. A huge crowd will return here.
Scriptural match #4: They were standing in front of the throne”. Jeremiah 3:17 matches this description. “At that time they’ll call Jerusalem ‘The Throne of Yehovah’, and all of the nations will gather there in the name of Yehovah, to Jerusalem. They’ll cease to ‘live by’ their stubbon evil desires.”
Scriptural match #5: Revelation 7:9, says they are “holding palms in their hands”. There are only two references to palm branches in the Bible, both having to do with building booths (sook-kaw’) for the Feast of Tabernacles: Leviticus 23:40 and Nehemiah 8:15. However in both the Aramaic texts and the Greek texts it literally says that they were holding palm trees in their hands! John 12:13 mentions palm branches, but in Revelation it literally says palm trees. Could they be holding replicas of palm trees like the many in the new Temple? There is just one place in the Bible that is very heavy on palm trees—Ezekiel chapters 40-41. Thirteen of the 23 references in the Bible to palm trees are associated with Ezekiel’s Temple. They appear to be replicas of palm trees. And the Great Multitude do serve in that Temple, as we’ll see.
Scriptural match #6: They are praising Yehovah and match #7 “wearing white robes”. Jeremiah 31:12 says: “They’ll come and shout for joy in the elevated place [or height] of Zion, they’ll be beaming over the goodness of Yehovah over the grain, the new wine, the oil, and over the young of the flock and the herd. Their life will be like a well watered garden, and they won’t ever be sorrowful again.” I believe that the “elevated place” is a somewhat veiled description of the New Jerusalem that is approximately 1,379 miles in height (12,000 X 606 feet and 9 inches to a stadium) as indicated in Revelation 20:16. The immense size of the city would obliterate the Mediterranean or “Great” sea were it to “land”, but the sea will remain just as it is—except for the salt! (Ezekiel 47:10-20)
There is a parallel in the Tanak to priests praising Yehovah in white clothing in 2 Chronicles:
2 Chronicles 5:12 and all the Levitical singers, Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun, and their sons and relatives, wearing fine white linen, with cymbals and stringed instruments and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them one hundred twenty priests blowing trumpets.) 13 The trumpeters and singers joined in unison to be heard praising and thanking Yehovah, and when they raised their voices with the trumpets and cymbals and other musical instruments, and praised Yehovah, and sang, “He is good. His steadfast love endures forever,” then the Temple, Yehovah’s Temple was filled with a cloud,/p>
The bride is being purified and made white during the Great Tribulation, and not before that. This will occur during the 1,260 days. It is purification by fire:
Daniel 12:7...10 I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the water of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and swore by the One who lives forever that it will be for a time, [a year], times [2 years], and half a time [1/2 a year], and when they’ve made an end of breaking in pieces the power of the kadosh people, all of these things will be finished... 10 Many will purify and refine themselves, but the wicked will continue to be wicked, and none of the wicked will understand, but those with discernment will understand.
Daniel 11:35 Some of the teachers will fall away, to refine them, and to purify them, and make them white, all the way to the time of the end, but it will still happen during the time appointed [Hebrew, Mowed, a special Festival Day].
Wearing white robes does not mean you are dead. In fact if you don’t begin wearing white robes in the spirit, while you are alive, you can forget about wearing them later.
Revelation 3:4-5 Yet you have a few good names in Sardis who haven’t defiled their clothes. They’ll walk with Me in white because they are worthy. 5 Anyone who is victorious will wear white clothes, and I won’t blot their names from the Book of Life. I’ll acknowledge their names before My Father and before His messengers.
Even the Laodiceans were admonished to clean up their act and put on white clothes:
Revelation 3:18 I advise you to buy from Me gold refined in the fire, so that you’ll actually become rich, and buy white clothing from Me so that you can clothe yourself, and the shame of your nakedness won’t appear, and eye salve for yours eyes, so that you can see.
Scriptural match #8: “They’ve washed their clothes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.” These are people who literally accepted their one last opportunity to repent:
Isaiah 1:9, 16-19 Unless Yehovah the Warrior King had left us a few survivors, we would have become like Sodom, we would have been like Gomorrah. ... 16 Wash yourselves. Become clean. Remove your evil behaviors from the presence of My Word*. Stop being evil.” 17 Learn to do good. Seek justice. Relieve the oppressed. Defend orphans. Fight for the rights of widows. 18 Come now, let’s reason together, says Yehovah, “Tho your sins are like scarlet, they’ll be as white as snow. Tho they are crimson red, they’ll look like wool. 19 If you submit your wills and obey Me, you’ll eat the best of the land;
Isaiah 4:3-5 Then anyone left alive in Zion, anyone who is left behind in Jerusalem will be called kadosh, everyone who is recorded among the living in Jerusalem, 4 when Yehovah has washed away the filth of the maidens of Zion, and rinsed the bloodstains from Jerusalem, by a spirit of justice, and a spirit that sets ablaze! 5 Yehovah will create ABOVE the entire site of Mount Zion and ABOVE her assemblies a cloud during the day and smoke, and a bright flaming fire during the night; because ABOVE all the splendor there will be a place of shelter.
In an end time prophecy about the 12 tribes there is an interesting statement. Judah in particular could be in for a lot of bloodshed, but tho her sins are sacrlet, they will become as white as snow:
Genesis 49:10-11 The scepter won’t depart from Judah, nor decrees of law from between his feet, until Shiloh comes, the One all nations will obey. 11 He teathered his foal to a grapevine, and his donkey's colt to a choice vine. He washes his clothes in wine, and his robes in the blood of grapes.
Following the first exodus, as the multitude were about to meet their Maker, they washed their clothes. History repeats itself.
Exodus 19:14 So Moses went down from the mountain to the people, and set the people apart, and they washed their clothes.
Scriptural match #9: It’s a regathering:
Jeremiah 3:17 At that time they’ll call Jerusalem ‘The Throne of Yehovah’, and all of the nations will gather there in the name of Yehovah, to Jerusalem. They’ll cease to ‘live by’ their stubbon evil desires.
The first contingent from the nations will be the scattered Israelites of the diaspora, and friends of Israel.
Scriptural match #10: They are “serving Him day and night in His Temple” (Revelation 7:15). We know that there won’t be a Temple in New Jerusalem above, after the wrath of Elohim, but there will be a Temple and priests serving in it as we see in Ezekiel. Not one line of the last 9 chapters of Ezekiel has been fulfilled yet:
Ezekiel 44:10-12 The Levites who strayed far from Me when Israel went astray, who strayed from Me prefering their idols, will bear the consequences of their sins. 11 Yet they’ll be ministers in My Kadosh Place, and have oversight at the gates of the Temple, and serve in the Temple. They’ll slay the burnt offering and zebakim for the people, and they’ll stand before them and serve them. 12 Because they served the people standing in front of their idols, and caused the ‘nation’ of Israel to ‘falter’, I’ve sworn that they’ll bear the consequences of their wickedness, declares the Sovereign Yehovah.
Isaiah 61:4-7 They’ll rebuild places desolate since antiquity, they’ll rebuild the ancestral places and places now wasted and deserted, and they’ll restore cities parched from heat, and places deserted for many generations. 5 Foreigners will tend your flocks; they’ll farm your land and work your vineyards. 6 And you’ll be called the priests of Yehovah, people will call you the ministers of our Elohim. You’ll savor the wealth of the nations. You’ll change places with them. 7 Your shame will be replaced with a double inheritance, and instead of humiliation you’ll shout for joy over your territory. So in your land you’ll own twice as much as the other nations. You’ll have everlasting joy.
Scriptural match #11: “the One seated on the throne will ‘protect them under His shadow’” (Revelation 7:15). This is the New Jerusalem above.
Isaiah 4:5-6 Yehovah will create ABOVE the entire site of Mount Zion and ABOVE her assemblies a cloud during the day and smoke, and a bright flaming fire during the night; because ABOVE all the splendor there will be a place of shelter. 6 There will be a sukkah [tabernacle] to provide shade [literally shadow] in the daytime from the heat, and for a refuge and shelter from storms and rain.
Jeremiah 31:10-11 You nations, hear the Word of Yehovah, and announce it in the distant coastlands. Say ‘The One who scattered Israel will regather him, and protect him like a shepherd does his flock.’ 11 Yehovah has paid the ransom of Jacob, and reclaimed him from from those too strong for them.
Scriptural match #12: is covered in Isaiah 49 “They won’t hunger or thirst any more”; and clue #13 “Nor will they be ‘overcome’ by the sun or burning heat” (Revelation 7:16). These are human concerns.
Isaiah 49:10-13 describes these exact same events, the end of “hunger”, “thirst”, “heat”, “sun”, along with “springs of water” in the context of survivors of the Great Tribulation, from all twelve tribes of Israel returning to the land of Israel during the Second Exodus, at the beginning of the Everlasting Kingdom!
Isaiah 49:10-13 They won’t hunger or thirst, nor will the heat or sun beat down on them, because the One who has mercy on them will lead them. He’ll guide them to springs of water. 11 11 I’ll make all My mountains traversable, and My highways in the valleys will be elevated. 12 They will come from far away! They will come from the north and from the west, and they will come from Australia. 13 Shout for joy, you heavens, and earth rejoice, and break out into singing, you mountains, because Yehovah has comforted His people, and will have compassion on His meek and afflicted.
Obviously this is in the context of survivors of the Great Tribulation, from all twelve tribes of Israel, returning to the land of Israel, during the Second Exodus, at the beginning of the Everlasting Kingdom!
Scriptural match #14: “YHVH will wipe every tear from their eyes.” Revelation 7:17
The cessation of tears and death begins as soon as the Everlasting Kingdom is established!
Isaiah 25:6-9 On this mountain, Yehovah the ‘Warrior’ King will prepare a ‘lavish’ banquet using the ‘best foods’ for every nation, a banquet with well aged wines, of ‘choice’ pieces full of marrow, and refined wines. 7 On this mountain He’ll remove the ‘covering that looms over’ all people, the veil that ‘overshadows’ every nation. 8 He will devour death forever! The Sovereign Yehovah will wipe away the tears from every face. He’ll eliminate the scorn of His people from the entire earth. Yehovah has spoken!
9 Israel will be saying in that day, “This is our Elohim! We have been waiting for Him to rescue us! This is Yehovah! We’ve been waiting for Him. Let’s rejoice and celebrate His rescue!”
Check the entire context of Isaiah 25. Yet the wicked are excluded from this blessing:
1 Corinthians 15:23-24 but everyone in their order, Messiah was the firstfruit. Later, at His coming, those who are the Messiah’s [will be restored to life]. 24 Then the end of these events comes, when He’ll have handed over the Kingdom to YHVH the Father, when every ruler and every government and every powerful force will have been overthrown.Isaiah 35, a short 10 verse chapter covers this well.
Scriptural match #15: Yehovah will “lead them to springs of living water” Revelation 7:17. First we’ll focus on the water.
Isaiah 49:6-13 He asks, “It is too small of a thing for you to be My servant to reestablish the tribes of Jacob, and to bring back the Israelites who were ‘spared?’ I’ll make you a light to the nations, so that you can bring My message of deliverance to the remotest parts of the earth.” 7 This is what Yehovah says, the Redeemer of Israel, and ‘their’ Kadosh One, to the One who man despises, to the One who the nation abhors, to the Servant of rulers: Kings will see You and rise, and leaders will bow down, because of Yehovah who is faithful, the Kadosh One of Israel, who has chosen You. 8 This is what Yehovah says: In a favorable time have I answered You, and in a day of deliverance I have helped You. I’ll protect You [the Messiah: Barnes] and give You to the people as a covenant [the covenantee], to restore the land, and to repossess its desolate heritage. 9 You will say to the prisoners, “Come out” and to those who are in darkness, “Show yourselves”! They’ll be My sheep, grazing along the roads and finding pastures on every high places that was previously bare. 10 They won’t hunger or thirst, nor will the heat or sun beat down on them, because the One who has mercy on them will lead them. He’ll guide them to springs of water. 11 11 I’ll make all My mountains traversable, and My highways in the valleys will be elevated. 12 They will come from far away! They will come from the north and from the west, and they will come from Australia. 13 Shout for joy, you heavens, and earth rejoice, and break out into singing, you mountains, because Yehovah has comforted His people, and will have compassion on His meek and afflicted.
Scriptural match #16: Yehovah will “lead them” out of darkness (Revelation 7:17).
Isaiah 42:15-16 I’ll lay waste mountains and hills, and dry up all their vegetation. I’ll make the rivers islands and dry up the pools. 16 I’ll lead the blind by a way that they don’t know, in paths that they don’t know. I’ll turn darkness into light before them, and make rough places into level ground. These are the things I’ll do. I won’t forsake them.
I’ll repeat this verse with the emphasis on leading them:
Isaiah 49:10 They won’t hunger or thirst, nor will the heat or sun beat down on them, because the One who has mercy on them will lead them. He’ll guide them to springs of water.
Jeremiah 31:9 They’ll come with tears of joy, praying as I bring them back. I’ll lead them beside streams of water in a straight path so they won’t stumble, because I’m a Father to Israel, and Ephraim is My firstborn.
Jeremiah 31:11-12 Yehovah has paid the ransom of Jacob, and reclaimed him from from those too strong for them. 12 They’ll come and shout for joy in the elevated place [or height] of Zion, they’ll be beaming over the goodness of Yehovah, over the grain, the new wine, the oil, and over the young of the flock and the herd. Their life will be like a well watered garden, and they won’t ever be sorrowful again.
This is in sharp contrast to the destruction of Israel:
Deuteronomy 32:22-27 For a fire is kindled in My anger, and it burns to the lowest Sheol. It devours the landscape and its vegetation, and sets the foundations of the mountains ablaze. 23 I’ll heap disasters on them. I’ll ‘shoot all’ My arrows at them. 24 They’ll be wasted with famine, ravaged by disease and deadly epidemics. I’ll send fanged animals against them, and poisonous snakes slithering in the dust. 25 Outside the sword will cause bereavement, and inside terror, for both young men and virgins, infants and the gray-haired men. 26 I said I would cut them to pieces and erase even the memory of them from human memory, 27 were it not that I feared the provocation of the enemy, since their adversaries might misunderstand, and say, “Our ‘power’ has triumphed, Yehovah hasn’t done all this.”
It is sometimes assumed that the people marked with the writer’s inkhorn in Ezekiel are the 144,000, but that happens just prior to the wrath, as this short chapter explains:
Ezekiel 9:2-6 Six men came from the direction of the upper gate that faces north, each man was carrying his deadly weapon in his hand, and one of them was a man wearing linen clothing, with a writer’s inkhorn by his side. They went in and stood beside the bronze altar. 3 The splendor of the Elohim of Israel rose up from the cherubim, where He had been, to the threshold of the Temple, and He called to the man clothed in linen, who had the writer’s inkhorn by his side. 4 Yehovah told him, “Go thruout the city, thru Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who sigh and cry over all the abominations that are being done ‘here’.” 5 Then I heard him say to the others, “Go thru the city after him, and kill. Don’t look on them with pity, or spare them. 6 Kill all of the old men, young men, maidens, little children and the women. But don’t come near anyone who has the mark, and begin at My Kadosh Place. So they began with the elders who were in front of the Temple.”
This would seem to be just after the 1,260 day period, so it seems that they would be the last of the Great Multitude to be protected just prior to the Day of Yehovah. Sorry, no rapture. The precious few are saved alive.
The sealing is supernatural protection for a chosen few among the millions of Israelites—“out of every tribe, and language, and people, and nation” where they were dispersed. They won’t die in the Tribulation, rather, they will be singled out while still in the flesh! They will be preserved from death during the perils of the end time—that is why the Spirit Messengers (angels) must protect them from the harmful things that will occur in the physical realm—things hurting “the earth”, “the sea” and “the trees”.
Within the text about the 7th shofar is another reason to believe that New Jerusalem is within actual view!
Revelation 11:18-19 The nations were angry, but Your anger has come, and it’s time for the dead to be judged, and for You to compensate Your servants the prophets, and the kadishea and those who fear Your name, both small and great, and to destroy those who have destroyed the earth. 19 The Temple of YHVH in the sky was opened, and the ark of His covenant WAS VISIBLE inside His Temple. There was lightning and thunder and voices, an earthquake and huge hail.
So in Parts 1 & 2 we saw that the New Covenant isn’t with “the church”. It’s with Israel and Judah:
Jeremiah 31:31-33 The time is coming, says Yehovah, when I’ll make a New marriage Covenant with the ‘nation’ of Israel and the tribe of Judah. 32 It won’t be like the marriage Covenant that I made with their ancestors during the time when I took them by the hand and led them out of the land of Egypt, since they broke My Covenant, tho I was their Husband, says Yehovah. 33 In this marriage Covenant that I’ll make with the ‘nation’ of Israel after those days, says Yehovah, I’ll put My Torah in the very seat of their thoughts and emotions, and I’ll write it into their minds [hearts]. I’ll be their Elohim, and they’ll be My people.
The target of the Bible is Israel, the bow is Judah, the arrow is Ephraim, the Bull’s eye is all of Israel returning to their land and to their Elohim, the arrowhead is the surviving 144,000 pioneer leaders leading the way, the “Great Multitude” is the body of Israel following in line!
Zechariah 9:13-16 I will bend Judah as My bow, I’ll load the bow with Ephraim [as the arrow]. I’ll stir up your sons, O Zion, against your sons, Javan, and wield you like a warrior’s sword. 14 Yehovah will appear over them, and His arrows will flash like lightning, and the Sovereign Yehovah will sound the shofar, and march into the storm winds from the south. 15 Yehovah the ‘Warrior’ King will defend them. They’ll devour and subdue with sling stones, and they’ll drink and shout as if they were drunk, and they’ll be filled like the basin at the corners of the altar. Yehovah their Elohim will rescue them when that day comes as the flock of His people, because they are like the jewels of a crown, like a glimmering beacon over His land. 17 How great is his goodness, and how great is his beauty! Grain will make the young men flourish, and new wine the virgins.
In Chapter 28 we’ll see more evidence that Yeshua’s bride isn’t “the church”, she is none other than the Great multitude of Israel—coming home!
Isaiah 54:3-7 You’ll spread out to the right and to the left, and your descendants will conquer nations and resettle deserted cities. 4 Don’t be afraid, because you won’t be ashamed or humiliated. You won’t be put to shame, and you’ll forget the shame of your youth. You won’t remember the stigmatism of widowhood. 5 Your Makers are your HUSBANDS , Yehovah the ‘Warrior’ King is His name, and the Kadosh One of Israel is your Redeemer. He is called the Elohim of the entire earth. 6 Yehovah has called you like a deserted wife tormented by grief, like a wife rejected early in life, says your Elohim. 7 For a brief moment I let you alone, but with infinite compassion I’ll bring you back.
 Yes, both are plural, but not a trinity. This site source is trinitarian but it has plenty of plurality verses that I consider a Binity. But to read historical statements confirming the fact that Yehovah was recognized as a Binity until Constantine forced a “reconsideration”, see this link. Also, when last I checked, Wikipedia’s article on Binitarianism was an equally informative article that is as persuasive as it can be, while still maintaining the necessary air of neutrality required of an encyclopedia.
Ultimately “Replacement Theology” has to do with who the Israel of Bible prophecy really is. Is it “the church”, or is it the misguided surviving descendants of Israel who are awakened as a result of the coming Great Tribulation? Who is really going to take over the land of Israel and live there for many many generations? So an addendum to this chapter, of sorts is: Should We Move To Israel Now?
Chapter 20 is about The Seven “Churches” of Revelation